At the start of BoJack Horseman’s fifth season, Bojack (Will Arnett) finds himself the star of the online show Philbert. BoJack plays a detective on this dark and brooding series that’s reminiscent of True Detective. His character is one of those grizzled, raincoat-wearing chain smokers with a murky past and even murkier agenda, and Philbert just so happens to be shot on a set modeled after BoJack’s house. Life imitating and informing and inspiring art—and vice versa—is one of the prominent themes of this new season of Bojack Horseman, and Philbert, pitched in what was seemingly a prolonged joke last season but which has become the backbone of this season’s narrative, often reflects, and replicates, BoJack’s life in discomforting ways.
The Philbert gig is one that Bojack didn’t initially want but now gives him purpose. It’s a period of potential change for the bibulous, bitter, aging television star, who once aspired to be a real actor but now is mostly resigned to the familiar remedies of booze, blow, and sex to alleviate the ache of feeling worthless. As ever, the question of whether BoJack is redeemable—if he’s a good horse, and if doing bad things makes him bad—pervades the Netflix series, as discomfitingly present as a splinter you can’t exhume.
BoJack Horseman’s fourth season ended with a glimmer of hope, and one can’t help but wonder how, rather than if, BoJack will fuck up. His imprudent decisions have ruined careers and lives, sometimes ended them entirely. “How do you make something right when you’ve made it so wrong you can never go back?” he asks, through the elucidating haze of inebriation, halfway through the new season. And the answer seems to eternally elude BoJack.
More than any other of modern television’s prestige offerings, BoJack Horseman is at once edifying and infantile. It tosses out literary witticisms with ease and dots its assiduously composed backgrounds with visual and linguistic larks that will have you reaching for the pause button. And yet, for all its trenchant banter and adroit wordplay, it’s the Netflix series’s painful earnestness that makes it brilliant—the way it uses fantasy to address reality and its many barbarities, the unescapable consequences of selfishness, the collateral damage of self-destruction, the corrosive effects of mental illness. It’s a serious show, but not self-serious.
At one point, when his female co-star and sometime lover, Gina (Stephanie Beatriz), claims that Philbert is steeped in the “male gaze” (because it’s rife with “gratuitous” nudity and “nipple ice”), BoJack, whether out of genuine empathy or just his usual insatiable desire for recognition and adoration, relays her qualms to the show’s creator, Flip McVicker (Rami Malek). To assuage BoJack’s concerns, the would-be TV auteur, a sallow-faced, cardigan-clad hack who uses darkness “as a metaphor for darkness” and brings to mind the I-am-a-genius pontificating of Nic Pizzolatto, demands that BoJack now reveal himself, fully erect, on a swivel chair, on TV, to give the females something to gaze at, rather than just expunging Philbert’s sexist aspects.
Are Bojack Horseman’s writers poking fun at the male gaze, the hyperbolic reactions to the male gaze, or both? The series has always been deft at depicting timely topics while skewering sanctimonious, “dick-swinging” reactions without being too condescending or pious. Later, a problematic actor, Vance Waggoner (Bobby Cannavale), an amalgamation of abuses and transgressions inspired by the various thespian reprobates society has forgiven (namely Mel Gibson), joins Philbert, and immediately begins an exonerating comeback. Through a dairy-involved misunderstanding, BoJack accidentally becomes a male feminist icon, which sets off a competition between duplicitous men vying for the approval of the woke media by spouting slogans like “The future is female” and “Don’t choke women.”
This season, maybe the show’s darkest, features an epiphanic turn from Alison Brie, who brings to the recently divorced Diane, still writing “content” for a website aimed at millennial women, a profound pathos, by turns sorrowful and seething. Diane is still reeling from her separation from Mr. Peanutbutter (Paul F. Tompkins), who moves on to his next partner with a swiftness that salts Diane’s wound. Like BoJack, she finds herself in a transitive phase, adjusting to a life of solitude, residing in a squalid little studio apartment with a lone, filthy futon as the room’s centerpiece, enfolded by towers of unpacked cardboard boxes while a poster encased in broken glass covers a hole in the wall, like a bandage hiding a gaping wound. Her early season sojourn to Vietnam, an attempt to get in touch with her ethnic roots, only leaves her feeling more ostracized—though her tribulations make for a convenient listicle. A confrontation between BoJack and Diane late in the season, a long-gestating caustic, honest dissemination of past transgressions, is the most emotionally volatile moment of the series so far—a scene of tremendous fragility and fury, beautiful in its willingness to let the characters be ugly.
But this season of BoJack Horseman isn’t all ennui and agony. It’s also slathered with sex jokes and groan-inducing euphemisms, unrepentantly childish and deftly delivered. Todd Chavez (Aaron Paul) is still struggling to understand his asexuality, and in his confusion builds a sex robot—a calamitous farrago of dildos and springs and a purple gunk-spraying fire hose, which recites a miscellany of lascivious phrases and becomes, inexplicably, but perhaps inevitably, the head of a major corporation, as well as the impetus for a joke about workplace sexual harassment.
The on-set and on-screen tribulations eventually force BoJack to confront his own past, which comes hurtling back no matter how hard he tries to escape it. BoJack Horseman is a show of repetition and echoing, unfettered, unyielding obsession, beholden to its own past, tethered to it. One of its main appeals is the great empathy with which it treats its self-destructive protagonist, but empathy and vulnerability, as Diane points out, can make viewers think their own shitty behavior is permissible. Redemption, remission, amelioration—are these possible, and how does one earn them? Can viewers of, say, BoJack Horseman persuade themselves into believing that their actions are forgivable because of the show’s depiction of unscrupulous behavior and subsequent dispensation? The series has always been self-aware, but this season it becomes self-vivisecting and self-effacing. It questions its own influence and the consequences of its success, much in the way BoJack the character must.
The show’s animation has become increasingly complex and detailed with each new season; for instance, the thrumming streets of Hanoi, with their luminescent lights and incessant streams of bicyclists and passersby in eclectic, colorful attire, are rendered with gorgeous attention to detail and movement. But this season’s most experimental episode is also, in a sense, its simplest. It recalls a one-man one-act (think Beckett’s A Piece of Monologue), as BoJack, slowly capitulating to an escalating opioid addiction, delivers a rambling, digressive eulogy for his mother, Beatrice, for whom BoJack had little love. His mother is, as well as the ostensible subject of his rant, also his silent partner in conversation, an unanswering object who slowly slips into the periphery of the vitriolic, self-pitying monologue as BoJack careens from vignette to vignette, giving examples of his mother’s ineptitude and his father’s cruelty and his own accomplishments.
Throughout the monologue, Bojack addresses Beatrice’s casket and an unseen audience that doesn’t respond and an unseen organ player who offers inappropriate accompaniment, to BoJack’s chagrin. There are only a few “camera setups,” mostly medium shots and one master. The funeral soliloquy, and the season overall, is perhaps the apogee of Arnett’s career, by turns sad, somber, irreverent, irrelevant, furious, an irascible but vulnerable portrayal of self-loathing and addiction. It’s as if BoJack has slit himself open and shamelessly allowed everyone to see the rot inside of him. During one circuitous, calloused digression, he muses, “You can’t have happy endings in sitcoms because if everyone is happy, the show is over.”
Cast: Will Arnett, Amy Sedaris, Alison Brie, Paul F. Tompkins, Aaron Paul, Stephanie Beatriz, Natalie Morales, Aparna Nancherla, Kimiko Glenn, Abbi Jacobson, Rami Malek, Hong Chau, Bobby Cannavale Airtime: Netflix
Review: Black Monday: Season One
Black Monday dabbles in farce, social commentary, and character study, without managing to establish a coherent point of view.2.0
The first episode of Showtime’s Black Monday begins with sobering title cards which promise that the series will eventually reveal the reason for the disastrous 1987 stock market crash. But while it might eventually offer real insight into Wall Street malfeasance (only the first three episodes were made available for review), Black Monday quickly establishes a set of alternate priorities: comic caricatures of excess, an unceasing cavalcade of references to 1980s popular culture, and occasional poignant character portraits that, in such a farcical context, appear jarringly out of place.
Black Monday revolves around a small, roguish, and fictional investment firm headed by an insatiable hustler, Maurice (Don Cheadle), who outsmarts rival traders and whose confidence can seem intoxicating. He’s a ruthlessly efficient carnival barker, lording over a kingdom populated by strippers, misogynists, and homophobes, where cocaine and finance crimes are abundant. Indeed, his behavior and milieu are so exaggerated that attempts by creators David Caspe and Jordan Cahan to engender sympathy for Maurice—by revealing his deep emotional vulnerability, or giving him a humble backstory—lack emotional resonance. Black Monday mines humor from its Wall Street cesspool and Maurice’s extravagance, but those two components eventually undermine whatever goodwill the character might inspire.
Black Monday dabbles in farce, simplistic social commentary, and character study, without managing to establish a coherent point of view toward its subjects or their universe. With its eye toward greed and materialism, the series recalls The Wolf of Wall Street, while its breezy pace and comedic flourishes bring to mind The Big Short. Ultimately, it lacks the well-honed moral perspective of either of those films, but it doesn’t commit to the nihilistic reverence of a series such as HBO’s Veep either. Stranded between earnestness and cynicism, Black Monday seems to exist merely to remind us of events that once occurred, and people who once existed.
A screenwriter who appears in the second episode to see if Maurice’s story might be worthy of Hollywood provides a clue for how the series might eventually focus itself: The writer decides that Dawn (Regina Hall), the top broker at Maurice’s firm, is a more fitting figure for adaptation. Indeed, Dawn, as a black woman attempting to crack into an industry which is largely white, male, and insular, is the most plainly sympathetic character in Black Monday. Hall excels as the feisty and competent broker, whose barbed repartee with Maurice provides some of the show’s most heady dialogue. And in the brief moments when the series illustrates the daily indecencies and biases Dawn suffers, even in a humorous light, it manages to derive some actual pathos, and a sense of stakes.
The humor in Black Monday is super-concentrated, laden with witty wordplay and quick retorts. One typical punchline comes when a broker (Horatio Sanz) realizes that the Nintendo game Duck Hunt is not, as he had assumed, titled Da Cunt. Dick jokes abound, and large swaths of an entire episode are devoted to a cartoonish cocaine bender; very little of the show’s humor is original, but even the most simplistic jokes are elevated by familiar, funny performers like Sanz and Paul Scheer, who deliver reliably well-timed line readings.
Such comedy, even when immaterial to Black Monday‘s specific Wall Street milieu, is consistently effective, and the series succeeds as an absurdist reminder of the excesses of the ‘80s. Yet results vary when the writers endeavor to expand on their cartoonish portrayal of Wall Street. By attempting to ground the characters of Dawn and Maurice, and ostensibly working toward some insight into a historical event, the series does occasionally adopt a patina of gravity, or hint at some crystallizing perspective. Mostly, though, such gestures toward a coherent point of view or clear direction are underdeveloped, as the series rushes for another joke or reference, and in the process comes to resemble Maurice himself: exciting and articulate, with little but fool’s gold and hollow promises to sell.
Cast: Don Cheadle, Regina Hall, Andrew Rannells, Paul Scheer, Casey Wilson, Kadeem Hardison, Eugene Cordero, Horatio Sanz Airtime: Showtime, Sundays, 10 p.m.
Review: True Detective: Season Three
Season three of True Detective plays to the first season’s strengths, but it also feels like an admission of defeat.2.0
In the third installment of HBO’s anthology series True Detective, creator Nic Pizzolatto opts to play to the first season’s strengths: multiple timelines, occult undertones, partnered detectives shooting the philosophical shit while they drive down the road. Even the backwoods setting—this time, the Ozarks—evokes the desolation of the Louisiana bayou that was so evocative in the show’s debut. Viewers might have figured these trappings for series hallmarks had the second season not so consciously distanced itself from them, so it’s hard not to view this return as an admission of defeat, a resignation to the limits of Pizzolatto’s personal storytelling toolbox.
But the familiar elements don’t totally dull the crime show’s construction as a character piece. This season’s protagonist, Wayne Hays (Mahershala Ali), is haunted at every stage of his life. In 1980, it’s by the Vietnam War reconnaissance detail that got him the nickname “Purple Hays” and the tracker skillset he now channels into his job as a police detective. In 1990, it’s the reopening of the case at the center of the season: the disappearance of two young children. And in 2015, while grappling with dementia, he’s haunted by the life he’s lived, as it all seems to slip through his fingers. What’s left of the unhappy memories has become his strongest connection to the life he once had. He’s looked inside himself and come out disturbed by how much his insides are tangled around this one case—this fixed point in history.
Hays is a little bit gone a lot of the time, his emotions as bottled up as most of his thoughts. His eyes come alive when his mind is working through something, and they go dead when he’s angry. He’s too buttoned up for the showy soliloquys of a character like Matthew McConaughey’s Rust Cohle from True Detective‘s first season, yet he’s no less conflicted; the three-timeline setup shows the evolution of Hays’s thought process, as he goes from shunning the past to desperately clinging to what he has left.
Despite the occasional line like “I’ve got the soul of a whore,” Pizzolatto has reined in most of his worst instincts as a writer. He gives (some) space to the development of a female character in schoolteacher Amelia Reardon (Carmen Ejogo), but he never strays too far from Hays and the mystery that comes to define the man’s life. The initially welcome focus on Hays, however, continues much longer than the character—or even Ali’s nuanced performance—can ultimately sustain. Large swaths of the season drag as a result, seemingly begging for a more engaging mystery or some other character to latch onto in an equal capacity, or even the pulpy excess of True Detective‘s second season. Dementia quickly begins to feel like a cheap ploy to ensure that certain plot revelations deliver maximum dramatic impact, as well as an excuse to dabble in hacky hallucinations like a room filled with Vietnamese soldiers or an obnoxiously cryptic vision of Hays’s dead wife.
Beyond the preoccupation with time and memory, Pizzolatto does seem to be grasping at something larger than Hays’s personal journey. He just never, at least in the five episodes of the new season made available to critics, seems to find it. The true-crime book that Reardon wrote about the case, for example, promises a look at the crime’s social impact, but True Detective‘s grasp of those broader implications is tenuous at best. In the first two episodes, director Jeremy Saulnier seems to abide with a pleasingly detailed look at the town. People take down Halloween decorations, kids ride bikes and shoot firecrackers near the ranger’s tower, a man hoards trash in a cart. Saulnier has an eye for the Arkansas scenery, as his sedate camera movements frame characters within doorframes and trap them between people’s shoulders. Hay bales sit like behemoths in the mist.
Once Saulnier departs, however, he takes that initially captivating sense of place with him. The things that seemed, at first, like flavor for small-town life end up as mere pieces slotted neatly into the mystery. Pizzolatto relegates the crime’s repercussions to broad portrayals of angry mobs. He makes sporadic, go-nowhere stabs at addressing poverty and race while the series begins to coast through familiar territory. Perhaps Hays will come to terms with the ghosts of his past by the show’s end, but the third season doesn’t suggest True Detective will ever quite reckon with its own.
Cast: Mahershala Ali, Carmen Ejogo, Stephen Dorff, Scoot McNairy, Ray Fisher, Mamie Gummer, Josh Hopkins, Scoot McNairy Airtime: HBO, Sundays, 9 p.m.
Review: Black Mirror: Bandersnatch
Whatever assemblage of parts make up an individual viewer’s experience of Bandersnatch, it represents the best and worst of Black Mirror.2.5
The opening shot of the Black Mirror interactive film Bandersnatch informs us that the story takes place in 1984, the dystopian resonance of which is a bit on the nose. But this is Black Mirror, after all. The show’s formula has relied on various immediately recognizable cultural reference points placed in the context of a speculative high concept. What if Gamergate types could use MMORPGs to replicate consciousness? What if those military robots from Boston Dynamics go rogue and kill everyone? What if streaming and gaming technologies constitute a surveillance network that offers the illusion of choice in a society of creeping totalitarianism?
That last question drives at least parts of Bandersnatch. The film flashes back to the personal-computing and home-gaming revolution to offer a critique of Netflix, its own streaming platform, as a kind of dissimulating game. The ostensibly innocent everyman at the center of the story is Stefan (Fionn Whitehead), an aspiring programmer working on a computer game adaptation of the choose-your-own-adventure novel Bandersnatch by the fictional author Jerome F. Davies. Like Philip K. Dick, Davies saw his interest in free will, technology, and psychedelia notoriously slide into paranoia, dissociation, and delusion—and in ways that, of course, will have import for the film’s plot.
The viewer makes choices for Stefan as he prepares to pitch a local game developer, Tuckersoft. The first choice presented to the viewer, for example, is whether Stefan eats Sugar Puffs or Frosties for breakfast. The inconsequentiality of such initial choices recalls the tired “butterfly effect” trope, as clearly these banal decisions determine our initial path toward the story to an unknown degree. It’s not the only place in which Bandersnatch edges toward the simplistic, but these early choices function like a video game tutorial, which corresponds more interestingly with the film’s themes.
Gradually, Stefan transitions from unaware main character to unwilling avatar of the viewer’s decisions. Tuckersoft offers to publish his game, and as he copes with the months-long process of writing it, we’re asked to decide how he handles the stress: whether he wrecks his computer, pounds his desk, opens up to his therapist (Alice Lowe), or takes his frustration out on his meek father (Craig Parkinson). Stefan begins to suspect that he isn’t in total control of such actions, and this suspicion is encouraged by his new acquaintance, Colin Rockman (Will Poulter), Tuckersoft’s legendary bad-boy game designer.
The wiry, bleached-blond Colin represents the unlikely prophet archetype created by cyberpunk and hacker culture, his transcendent coolness coded in the terms of ‘80s cultural capital: Whereas Stefan listens to mainstream pop like the Thompson Twins, Colin listens to Depeche Mode and Tangerine Dream. Colin also appears to be tapped into a higher reality, as in the film’s most memorable scene, in which he explains to Stefan during an acid trip his Daviesian/Dickian theory that reality is actually made up of the sum of several different branches of reality. His and Stefan’s world, his theory suggests, is little more than a game, a repeatable simulation dependent on a system of rules outside of their control. Depending on the story path the viewer chooses from this point, this system is run by a demon called pAX, a government program called P.A.C.S., or a computer program called Netflix.
Netflix, Bandersnatch reflexively proposes, is one big choose-your-own-adventure story, in which we are presented with a bounty of options construed as our own idea (“Because you liked…”). A streaming service like Netflix, a medium of proscribed choices, offers an experience that’s more like a game than a narrative, and games offer only the illusion of free agency. It’s a fitting point to make with Netflix’s first truly interactive film, but as with many episodes of Black Mirror, there’s also something fairly obvious and one-dimensional about it—or perhaps the problem is in the presentation.
Writer Charlie Booker and director David Slade attempt to manage the potential tediousness of Bandersnatch‘s metatextuality by making the film about metatextuality itself, but in many branches of the story they lapse into using self-reflexivity as a facile punchline. For one, trying to confront Stefan with the reality of his situation leads to a dead-end joke of a conclusion concerning Netflix viewers’ demands for action. Whenever viewers access such a concluding scene, they’re presented with the option of returning to a pivotal decision and pursuing a different path, but each of the five main endpoints feel more like a metatextual short circuit than a completed pathway.
It’s not so much its pat technophobia, then, that makes Bandersnatch unsatisfying. In the tradition of great sci-fi anthology shows like The Twilight Zone and The Outer Limits, Black Mirror‘s stories are often effective without being subtle. At their worst, they merely recapitulate omnipresent popular anxieties, but at their best they compel critical reflection on the technologies that structure our lives. Whatever assemblage of parts make up an individual viewer’s experience of Bandersnatch, it will likely be a mixture of both.
Cast: Fionn Whitehead, Will Poulter, Alice Lowe, Craig Parkinson, Asim Choudhry, Tallulah Haddon, Jonathan Aris, Suzanne Burden, Jeff Minter Airtime: Netflix