Mahatma Gandhi isâand always has beenâmany things to many people, but a sex symbol? In Canadian provocateur Bruce LaBruceâs bluntly titled Gerontophilia, a hugely enlarged rendering of the Indian politicianâs visage looms, wall-mounted, over the bed of young protagonist Lake (Pier-Gabriel Lajoie). Itâs a sly sight gag, pointing both to the ostensibly straight Lakeâs burgeoning desire for aging male flesh, and functioning as a subversive re-contextualization of the familiar. This goes for the subject matter, which has been addressed in films like Hal Ashbyâs evergreen Harold and Maude, but still remains a tabooâas does LaBruceâs work. Anyone familiar with the directorâs thematically transgressive, sexually explicit canon (No Skin Off My Ass, Skin Flick) might be expecting a result even more startling than usual given the premise, but Gerontophilia may be his most formally conservative film to date.
Propelled by the blooming affection between Lake, whose name suggests the openness and fluidity with which LaBruce approaches issues of sexuality, and black eightysomething Melvin Peabody (Walter Boden), whom Lake springs from a care home in order to embark on a road trip, Gerontophilia is engaging from the start and pleasingly non-judgemental of its protagonistâs peccadilloes. However, itâs badly hamstrung by a wan central performance from the pretty but ineffectual Lajoie, and there are some terribly ham-fisted dramaturgical moments (itâs impossible not to howl with laughter when one character takes one of the goofiest, most-telegraphed tumbles down a staircase youâll ever see). Yet the overriding impression is of a sensitive, normalizing approach to a thorny subject, enlivened considerably by Brodenâs sparky performance as the born-again Peabody. Oh, and further bonus points for the inspired use of Pulpâs âHelp the Agedâ over the closing credits, though Iâm not entirely sure thatâs what Jarvis Cocker was singing about.
Promising an adventure, but delivering only a ploddingly predictable triumph-over-adversity narrative, John Curranâs episodic (and tellingly blandly titled) Tracks makes heavy weather of adapting the memoir of the same name by Robyn Davidson, a young Australian woman who, in 1975, embarked on a 67-month trip from Alice Springs to the Indian Ocean. Mia Wasikowska plays Davidson as a cynical loner without much time for anyone other than her beloved dog, Diggity (whom, sadly, at no point does she ever address after shouting the word âNo!â), and the small fleet of large camels sheâs trained. The film may be brave in spotlighting such an inherently unlikable character, but it fails to provide a truly compelling reason as to why we should be interested in Davidsonâs foolhardy quest; woozily shot flashbacks reveal a family bereavement, but the film treats her journey like a selfish, particularly bloody-minded âgap yearââor, for the Americans reading this, a post-high school sabbatical. Itâs made even less clear why everyone who the standoffish Davidson meets on her journey is prepared to bend over backward to help herâincluding, most egregiously, an Aboriginal man, Eddie (Roly Mintuma), whoâs given an unmistakable sprinkling of magical-negro dust. Throughout there persists the nagging suspicion that the real-life Davidson would have been far flintier and eccentric than the film ever allows her to be, or is interested in finding out.
However, if one tires of the predictable story and frequent segues into sentimentality, thereâs always Mandy Walkerâs beautiful, sometimes breathtaking, widescreen landscape cinematography to catch the eye. Elsewhere, the lanky Adam Driver, here sporting even stragglier facial hair than usual, injects some much-needed color in his intermittent appearances as a goofy, good-hearted photojournalist on his own improbable quest to thaw Robinâs heart.
Cult Japanese director Sion Sono (Cold Fish, Love Exposure) is well-known for the thematic outrageousness and Grand Guignol aesthetic overdrive of his films. His latest, Why Donât You Play in Hell?, is no exception, an arch, deeply meta ode to the joys of cinephilia, boasting overcranked formalism (crash zooms, freeze frames, wipe cuts) and a near-deafening sound mix. The convoluted plot revolves around the interaction between rival yakuza gangs, an earnest collective of deadbeat but spirited filmmakers named, wonderfully, âThe Fuck Bombers,â and a hapless bystander who has the misfortune to be in the wrong place at the wrong time. Connecting them all is a single femme fatale, the daughter of a mafia boss whose time as a child actor was cut short, but is now a reluctant movie star herself.
The narrative is awkwardly stitched together and hugely telegraphed (we can guess fairly early on exactly how everything will come together) and the pace frequently drags, but in the interim thereâs plenty of fun to be had in seeing just how far Sono will push his barrage of farce, references (kung-fu movies most frequently), and ultra-violence in the name of cinema. The answer is pretty far, though the effect is more often laughable than visceralâa fact compounded by Sonoâs use of lamentably unconvincing CGI blood which often simply dissolves mid-spray. Despite its excesses, Sonoâs film is deeply nostalgic and sentimental about cinema culture from a fan and filmmaker point of view. As sour on the movie business as Mulholland Drive (Sono, like Lynch, makes an explicit connection between producing and outright gangsterism), but as deeply in love with the creative side of the medium as the work of Quentin Tarantino, itâs designed as catnip for midnight-movie hounds. But thereâs one nagging irony to the whole endeavor: Despite its openly fetishistic take on 35mm, itâs shot on shiny digital.
The Venice Film Festival runs from from August 28âSeptember 7.
Cannes Directorsâ Fortnight Lineup Includes The Lighthouse, Zombi Child, and More
In addition to Directorsâ Fortnight, the festival announced the films that would screen as part of the ACID lineup.
Five days after Cannes artistic director Thierry Fremaux revealed the films that would be competing for the Palm dâOr this year on the Croisette, the Cannes Film Festival has announced the films that will screen as part of the prestigious Directorsâ Fortnight. Among those are Robert Eggersâs The Lighthouse, a dark fantasy horror film starring Willem Dafoe and Robert Pattinson shot on 35mm black-and-white film stock, and Bertrand Bonelloâs Zombi Child, which recounts the destiny of Clairvius Narcisse, a Haitian man who was famously said to have been turned him into a zombie.
See below for the full lineup, followed by the ACID slate.
Directorsâ Fortnight Lineup:
Deerskin (Quentin Dupieux)
Alice and the Mayor (Nicolas Pariser)
And Then We Danced (Levan Akin)
The Halt (Lav Diaz)
Dogs Donât Wear Pants (Jukka-Pekka ValkeapĂ€Ă€)
Song Without a Name (Melina LeĂłn)
Ghost Tropic (Bas Devos)
Give Me Liberty (Kirill Mikhanvovsky)
First Love (Takashi Miike)
The Lighthouse (Robert Eggers)
Lillian (Andreas Horwath)
Oleg (Juris Kursietis)
Blow It to Bits (Lech Kowalski)
The Orphanage (Shahrbanoo Sadat)
Les Particules (Blaise Harrison)
Perdrix (Erwan Le Duc)
For the Money (Alejo Moguillansky)
Sick Sick Sick (Alice Furtado)
Tlamess (Ala Eddine Slim)
To Live to Sing (Johnny Ma)
An Easy Girl (Rebecca Zlotowski)
Wounds (Babak Anvari)
Zombi Child (Bertrand Bonello)
Yves (BenoĂźt Forgeard)
Red 11 (Roberto Rodriguez)
The Staggering Girl (Luca Guadagnino)
Two Sisters Who Are Not Sisters (Beatrice Gibson)
The Marvelous Misadventures of the Stone Lady (Gabriel Abrantes)
Grand Bouquet (Nao Yoshigai)
Je Te Tiens (Sergio Caballero)
Movements (Dahee Jeong)
Olla (Ariane Labed)
Piece of Meat (Jerrold Chong and Huang Junxiang)
Ghost Pleasure (Morgan Simon)
Stay Awake, Be Ready (An Pham Thien)
Blind Spot (Pierre Trividic, Patrick-Mario Bernard)
Des Hommes (Jean-Robert Viallet, Alice Odiot)
Indianara (Aude Chevalier-Beaumel, Marcello Barbosa)
Kongo (Hadrien La Vapeur, Corto Vaclav)
Mickey and the Bear (Annabelle Attanasio)
Solo (Artemio Benki)
As Happy as Possible (Alain Raoust)
Take Me Somewhere Nice (Ena Sendijarevic)
Vif-Argent (StĂ©phane Batut)
Third Annual ACID Trip
Las Vegas (Juan Villegas)
Brief Story from the Green Planet (Santiago Loza)
Sangre Blanca (Barbara Sarasola-Day)
Cannes Lineup Includes New Films by Terrence Malick, CĂ©line Sciamma, & More
Perhaps as notable as what made the cut is what didnât make it onto the lineup.
This morning, the lineup for the 72nd Cannes Film Festival was revealed, and just as notable as what made the cut is what didnât. Most notably, Quentin Tarantinoâs Once Upon a Time in America and James Grayâs Ad Astra were nowhere to be found. Gray, whose had four of his previous films appear in competition at the festival, is still working on Ad Astra, which seems destined at this point to make its premiere at a fall festival. As for Tarantino, whoâs still editing this ninth feature ahead of its July 26 theatrical release, Cannes artistic director Thierry Fremaux told press this morning that thereâs still a chance that Once Upon a Time in America could be added to the festival lineup in the upcoming weeks.
Terrence Malick will return to Cannes for the first time since winning the Palme dâOr for The Tree of Life with the historical drama and ostensibly mainstream-friendly A Hidden Life, previously known as Radegund. Ken Loach and the Dardennes, both double winners of the Palme dâOr, will also debut their latest works, Sorry We Missed You and Young Ahmed, respectively, in the competition program. As previously announced, Jim Jarmuschâs The Dead Donât Die will kick off the festival on May 14, and Dexter Fletcherâs Rocketman will screen out of competition on May 16, two weeks before the film hits U.S. theaters. (The Directorâs Fortnight and Critics Week selections will be announced at a later date.)
See below for a complete list of this yearâs competition, Un Certain Regard, out of competition, and special and midnight screenings.
Pain and Glory, Pedro AlmodĂłvar
The Traitor, Marco Bellocchio
Wild Goose Lake, Yinan Diao
Parasite, Bong Joon-ho
Young Ahmed, Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne
Oh Mercy! , Arnaud Desplechin
Atlantique, Mati Diop
Matthias and Maxime, Xavier Dolan
Little Joe, Jessica Hausner
Sorry We Missed You, Ken Loach
Les MisĂ©rables, Ladj Ly
A Hidden Life, Terrence Malick
Nighthawk, Kleber MendonĂ§a Filho and Juliano Dornelles
The Whistlers, Corneliu Porumboiu
Frankie, Ira Sachs
The Dead Donât Die, Jim Jarmusch
Portrait of a Lady on Fire, CĂ©line Sciamma
It Must Be Heaven, Elia Suleiman
Sybil, Justine Triet
Out of Competition
Rocketman, Dexter Fletcher
The Best Years of Life, Claude Lelouch
Maradona, Asif Kapadia
La Belle Epoque, Nicolas Bedos
Too Old to Die Young, Nicolas Winding Refn
Share, Pippa Bianco
Family Romance LLC, Werner Herzog
Tommaso, Abel Ferrara
To Be Alive and Know It, Alain Cavalier
For Sama, Waad Al Kateab and Edward Watts
The Gangster, The Cop, The Devil, Lee Won-Tae
Un Certain Regard
Invisible Life, Karim AĂŻnouz
Beanpole, Kantemir Balagov
The Swallows of Kabul, Zabou Breitman and ElĂ©a GobĂ© MĂ©vellec
A Brotherâs Love, Monia Chokri
The Climb, Michael Covino
Joan of Arc, Bruno Dumont
A Sun That Never Sets, Olivier Laxe
Chambre 212, Christophe HonorĂ©
Port Authority, Danielle Lessovitz
Papicha, Mounia Meddour
Adam, Maryam Touzani
Zhuo Ren Mi Mi, Midi Z
Liberte, Albert Serra
Bull, Annie Silverstein
Summer of Changsha, Zu Feng
EVGE, Nariman Aliev
The 2019 TCM Classic Film Festival
As evangelistic as I tend to get about making new discoveries at TCMFF, the familiar can also be revelatory.
In 2014, on the occasion of the fifth annual TCM Classic Film Festival, even as I took the opportunity to raise a glass to an event that encourages audiences, especially younger ones, to acknowledge and embrace the past, I indulged in a little public worrying over the festivalâs move toward including a heavier schedule of more âmodernâ films whose status as classics seemed arguable, at the very least. The presence of Mr. Hollandâs Opus and The Goodbye Girl on the festivalâs slate that year seemed geared toward guaranteeing that Richard Dreyfuss would make a couple of appearances, causing me not only to wonder just what constitutes a âclassicâ (a question this festival seems imminently qualified to answer), but also just how far down the road to appeasement of movie stars TCMFF would be willing to travel in order to bring in those festivalgoers willing to pony up for high-priced, top-tier passes.
If anything, subsequent iterations have indicated that, while its focus remains on putting classic films in front of appreciative audiences and encouraging the restoration and preservation of widely recognized and relatively obscure films, the festivalâs shift toward popular hits and the folks attached to them seems to be in full swing. And from a commercial point of view, who could credibly argue against feting 1980s and â90s-era celebrities who can still bring the glitz and glamour, especially as it becomes increasingly more difficult to secure appearances from anyone directly involved in the production of 60-to-80-year-old films? One has to believe that the numbers would favor booking films which could afford âsexierâ in-person attendees like Billy Crystal, Meg Ryan, and Rob Reiner, and maybe for a good portion of the TCMFF crowd that showed up to celebrate the festivalâs 10th anniversary this year, that sort of thinking is perfectly in line with what they expect for their money.
Of course, the flip side of that coin is an opening-night gala devoted to the celebration of When Harry Met Sally, which isnât the first film I would think of to announce to the world that TCMFF is celebrating a milestone. Itâs been 10 years since the festival launched, and its mother channel is celebrating 25 years on the air this yearâand, okay, the Rob Reiner-helmed, Nora Ephron-scripted comedy is now 30 years young. But I really wonder, beyond When Harry Met Sallyâs most famous scene, which is all but stolen by the directorâs mother and her delivery of the memorable zinger âIâll have what sheâs having,â if this dated rom-com really means enough to audiences to be included among a TCMFF schedule of films ostensibly more qualified to be considered as classics. Maybe it does. Because objections like that one were forced to fly in the face of the rest of the TCMFF 2019 schedule, populated as it was by other equally questionable attractions like Sleepless in Seattle, Steel Magnolias, Hello, Dolly!, and Out of Africa, all of which crowded screen space in the festivalâs biggest auditoriums.
Speaking of amour, it was that most mysterious of emotions that was the biggest rationale other than filthy lucre for clogging the schedule with not one but two Meg Ryan âclassics,â a weeper thatâs broad by even the standards of borderline-campy weepers, a bloated musical nobody seems to like, a would-be epic best picture winner, and even the bromantic sentimental indulgences of the Honorary Greatest Movie for Men Who Donât Love Movies. Because the theme of TCMFF 2019, âFollow Your Heart: Love at the Movies,â virtually guaranteed that room would be made for some of the festivalâs least enticing and overseen selections, under subheadings like âBetter with Ageâ (Love in the Afternoon, Marty), âBromanceâ (Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid and The Shawshank Redemption), and, in a love letter to not romance but instead a movie studio, âA Celebration of 20th Century Foxâ (Hello, Dolly!, Working Girl, Star Wars). Of course, each of those subheadings had their glories as well (Iâll get to those in a second, after I stop complaining), but itâs worth noting these selections because they seem clearly representative of the sort of programming choices that have become more dominant in the second half of TCMFFâs storied and much appreciated existence, choices that may signal a further shift away from discoveries, oddities, and rarities and toward even more mainstream appeasement in its near future.
For all of the problems that seem to be becoming hard-wired into TCMFFâs business model, however, there was plenty to get excited about as well, even when one of the weaker overall schedules in terms of cinephile catnip made maximizing the festival experience a little more challenging than usual. If that âLove in the Moviesâ header seemed at first a bit too generic, it also proved elastic enough to accommodate some pretty interesting variations on a obvious theme, from dysfunctional relationships (A Woman Under the Influence, whose star, Gena Rowlands, had to back out of a scheduled pre-screening appearance), to erotic obsession (Mad Love, Magnificent Obsession), to habitual obsession (Cold Turkey, Merrily We Go to Hell), to romance of a more straightforward nature rendered in various shades of not-at-all-straightforward cinematic splendor (Sunrise, Sleeping Beauty, The Umbrellas of Cherbourg, Tarzan and His Mate). Why, there was even a couple of straight shots of undiluted movie love in the form of FranĂ§ois Truffautâs Day for Night, adorned by an in-person visitation from the filmâs star, Jacqueline Bisset, and a grand screening of my favorite film, Robert Altmanâs Nashville, which Pauline Kael once famously described as âan orgy for movie lovers.â
My own obsessions this year ran, as they usually do, toward the unfamiliar. Six of the 11 films I saw were new to me, including the obscure, ultra-cheap film noir Open Secret, which pits John Ireland against a secret society of small-town Nazi sympathizers; the deliriously racy and surprisingly violent adventure of Tarzan and His Mate, entertainingly introduced by Star Wars sound wizard Ben Burtt and special effects whiz Craig Barron, whose pre-film multimedia presentation electronically deconstructed the Tarzan yell; and James Whaleâs Waterloo Bridge, starring Mae Clarke and Kent Douglass. Also among them were two major surprises: Dorothy Arznerâs romantic drama Merrily We Go to Hell, a gloriously cinematic roller coaster of love, codependency, and betrayal starring Fredric March, forever testing the audienceâs tolerance for the boundaries of bad behavior, and Sylvia Sidney, who displays a range that will surprise younger audiences who may only know her from her later work; and the rollicking, hilarious, fast-paced snap-crackle-punch of All Through the Night, in which a gaggle of Runyonesque Broadway gamblers headed up by Humphrey Bogart develop an uncharacteristic patriotic streak when they uncover a Nazi conspiracy brewing in the back alleys of the neighborhood.
As evangelistic as I tend to get about making new discoveries at TCMFF, the familiar can also be revelatory. My two favorite experiences at the festival this year were screenings of F.W. Murnauâs almost indescribably gorgeous and primally moving Sunrise and a beautiful DCP of Nashville, with screenwriter Joan Tewkesbury and actors Jeff Goldblum, Keith Carradine, and Ronee Blakely in attendance. (At one point, Blakely held court like Barbara Jean in rambling pre-meltdown mode and innocently gave away the ending of the film.) The joy contained in the five hours of those two films wasnât necessarily matched by the gorgeous restoration of Anthony Mannâs powerful Winchester â73, the exquisitely expressionist delirium of Karl Freundâs Mad Love, or the revelation of Disneyâs Sleeping Beauty, with its roots in the music of Tchaikovsky, as the partial fulfillment of the ambitions of Fantasia, the studioâs great folly. But then again, it didnât have to be. Itâs enough that those are all movies worthy of and inspired by true movie love, which is precisely what they were received with by TCMFF audiences.
Of course, the obsessive, orgiastic nature of movie love is itself the underlying subtext of any film festival, but at TCMFF that subtext is consistently resonant enough that it seems inextricable from any given moment during the long four-day Hollywood weekend over which it unspools. Some festivalgoers get dolled up in vintage clothes and five pounds of customized TCM-style flair to express it. Others rattle on endlessly about their irrational devotion to Star X and Director Y, or how some obscure B noir blew their goddamn minds, and theyâre usually surrounded by a pack of fans with similarly hyperbolic stories to tell. And still others just tilt their heads down and barrel through the long lines, breathlessly scurrying between theaters in pursuit of something theyâve never seen or perhaps never even heard of. (Iâll let you speculate as to which category I belong, though I will say I have never worn a fedora or brandished a silver-tipped walking stick in public.) A good friend and former TCMFF regular once told me that the best way to be cured of a particular obsession is to suddenly find yourself surrounded by those whose individual enthusiasms match or exceed your own, and sometimes it seems that the first-world trials of the TCMFF experience as they have accumulated over the past five or so years, and contrasted as they have been by the multitude of peaks the festival has offered its most ardent fans, have been devoted to road-testing that theory.
However, no matter what TCMFF devotees do or say in between programming slots, the movies remain, providing a constant opportunity to either plumb the depths of cinema history or to simply go for the good times. With all intentions pitched toward continued prosperity, the greatest challenge for TCMFF as it enters its second decade might be finding a better balance between those deep dives and the allure of skimming the perhaps more lucrative shallows. And if genuinely great films and even greater chances to experience films one can only experience in a setting like TCMFF keep getting slotted out in favor of familiar dreck like When Harry Met Sally and Steel Magnolias, it isnât unreasonable to imagine that TCMFF 2029 might, to its inevitable detriment, look and feel considerably less classic than it does now. No, itâs not time for sackcloth and ashes just yet when it comes to this beloved fest. But Iâd be lying if I said, to purloin and repurpose the concluding sentiment of one of this yearâs big TCMFF attractions, that the ultimate resolution of that dilemma donât worry me just a little bit.
The TCM Classic Film Festival ran from April 11â14.
Berlinale 2019: A Dog Called Money, Lemebel, & Searching Eva
Alongside fiction films depicting emerging voices, nine of the Panorma sidebarâs 45 features are documentaries about creative talents.
The ostensible goal of the Berlinaleâs Panorama sidebar is to offer a 360-degree snapshot of the current state of world cinema, but this year its curators seem inordinately concerned with the pursuit of artistry. Alongside fiction films depicting emerging voicesâHonor Swinton Byrne as a fledgling filmmaker in Joanna Hoggâs sublime The Souvenir, and Mei Kayama as a cartoonist with cerebral palsy in Hikariâs sweet-natured 37 Secondsânine of the sectionâs 45 features are documentaries about creative talents.
Among these, A Dog Called Money is perhaps the most fascinating, albeit for all the wrong reasons. Directed by photographer Seamus Murphy, it charts the making of PJ Harveyâs 2016 album The Hope Six Demolition Project, which was directly inspired by trips the pair took to Afghanistan, Kosovo, and deprived neighborhoods of Washington, D.C. The famously publicity-shy Harvey then took the unlikely step of turning the recording process into an art installation, setting up a pop-up studio in Londonâs opulent Somerset House, and inviting members of the public to observe her at work through a one-way mirror.
Though the project appears to have been a noble attempt on Harveyâs part to broaden her political and cultural horizons, A Dog Called Money demystifies her creative process in a manner that proves extremely unflattering. Murphy presents the overseas excursions solely as material-gathering missions: We see Harvey exposed to human suffering in various guises, and hear her recite song lyrics that matter-of-factly recount her observations, but are offered no insight into her overarching aims for The Hope Six Demolition Project, and no sense of how these experiences may have affected her worldview.
Thereâs something strangely distasteful about the way Murphy juxtaposes haunting footage of Middle Eastern warzones and American ghettos with scenes of Harvey, safely cocooned in her sleek studio, joking around with her overwhelmingly white band as they endeavor to distill the worldâs misery into a whimsical art project. And frustratingly, the film fails to address the controversy surrounding album opener âCommunity of Hope,â which describes Washington D.C.âs predominantly black Ward 7 as a âdrug townâ full of âzombies,â and which led to a local official ridiculously saying that Harvey is âto music what Piers Morgan is to cable news.â
Joanna Reposi Garibaldiâs Lemebel, which just won the Teddy Award for best queer-themed documentary, does a far better job of representing the aspirations and achievements of a politically motivated artist. The film explores the career of late Chilean writer and activist Pedro Lemebel, who spearheaded a public LGBT rights movement amid the hostile environment of Pinochetâs dictatorship. Weaving together evocative archive footage, intimate talking-head interviews, and grainy home movies, Garibaldi charts the formation of Lemebelâs provocative queer collective dubbed the Mares of the Apocalypse, his flair for attention-grabbing performance art, and his masterly manipulation of Chileâs mainstream media.
An erudite raconteur, Lemebel is fascinating when discussing the intersection of LGBT and working-class communities, and appears remarkably ahead of his time when explaining his rejection of the word âgayâ and his reclamation of derogatory terms like âmaricĂłn.â Occasionally it seems that Garibaldi, who befriended Lemebel years before attempting to make the film, is a little too close to her subject to offer an objective portrait. She fails, for example, to interrogate Lemebelâs conspiratorial views about the origins of AIDS. But given the fearless, trailblazing nature of his work, a somewhat hagiographic approach can be forgiven.
Many would surely balk at the description of Eva CollĂš, an obscure twentysomething blogger and Instagrammer, as an âartist.â But her scattershot, disarmingly frank musings on Tumblr have inspired a formally ambitious documentary feature, Pia Hellenthalâs Searching Eva. The film delivers an impressionistic account of this nomadic young womanâs compellingly chaotic existence, encompassing her move from conservative small-town Italy to hedonistic Berlin, her professional experiences as a sex worker and fashion model, her embrace of sexual fluidity, and her struggles with drug use and mental illness.
To underscore the fact that CollĂš elects to live out her daily dramas before an enthralled online audience, the film is narrated by anonymous comments lifted directly from her blogs. But while said comments tend to be either blindly sycophantic or scathingly judgmental, Hellenthal delivers a refreshingly even-handed assessment of the benefits and drawbacks of online culture. Eva seems to derive much of her self-worth from the knowledge that she inspires others to be their authentic selves. And thereâs a sense that the barrage of criticism she faces only strengthens her resolve to carve her own path through life.
Hellenthalâs perspective becomes much harder to fathom when sheâs exploring CollĂšâs life philosophy, which seems to boil down to a flat rejection of any label you might try and attach to her. At one point, Eva states her intention never to work a conventional job, on the grounds that the working class must refuse to be defined primarily as a workforce in order to make its mark. But itâs unclear whether Hellenthal regards this as a bold political statement or the pseudointellectual ramblings of a self-involved millennial attempting to justify her decadent existence. Those who suspect the latter will likely have a hard time fully embracing Searching Eva, but its assured approach to nonlinear storytelling makes the journey worthwhile.
Berlinale runs from February 7â17.
Berlinale 2019: I Was at Home, But, So Long, My Son, and Ghost Town Anthology
These films depict in distinctive ways the process of coping with and even accepting the deadâs presence in our lives.
The dead haunt Berlin. The Martin-Gropius-Bau, the museum building in which the Berlinaleâs European Film Market is hosted, is still pockmarked with bullet holes from the Battle of Berlinâas are many other buildings in the center of the city. A 10-minute walk north of Potsdamer Platz, the center of the film festival, is the powerful Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, and a 10-minute walk in the opposite direction down StresemannstraĂe and youâll see the bombed-out faĂ§ade of Anhalter Bahnhof, once one of Europeâs most resplendent train stations. And all over Berlin, you trip over Stolpersteine (or âstumble-stonesâ), small, square, brass plaques laid into the sidewalk bearing the names of former residents of that street, dispossessed and killed by the Nazis.
Like any city, Berlin is many things, and itâs certainly most known today for much more than its tragic past. But the history of the 20th century is in particular written across its face, and while it can be easy to turn your gaze away from the dead, they remain a part of life in Germanyâs capital. Several of the best films up for the Golden Bear at this yearâs Berlinale contemplate the persistence of the dead in the lives of the living, depicting in distinctive ways the process of coping with and even accepting this presence in our lives.
Set in Berlin, Angela Schanelecâs I Was at Home, But opens with an anomalous prologue that foreshadows the filmâs equal-parts mix of despair and world weariness, of tragedy and banality. A dog excitedly chases a rabbit; the camera catches the rabbit initially running, and then seeming to give up, panting on a rock. In the next shot, the dog is greedily pulling apart the rabbit carcass in its den, a dilapidated building it appears to share with a donkey. Itâs a potentially fruitful odd-couple scenario: You can almost read subdued exasperation in the donkeyâs face as it ignores its roommateâs greedy consumption of a fellow herbivore.
What does this prologue have to do with the remainder of the film, which concerns a woman, Astrid (Maren Eggert), and her childrenâs flailing attempts to process the grief of losing their husband and father? This quietly masterful film never even comes close to connecting these threads for its audience, requiring us to make connections on our own. Weâll see a foot being bandaged, but not the event that caused the injury, and characters dancing to entertain someone in a hospital bed, but not the person in the bed. Elsewhere, a needlessly obstinate Astrid demands money back for a perfectly reparable bicycle she bought on the cheap, and middle-school kids perform Hamlet in the most neutral of ways.
These still, vignette-like scenes elliptically narrate Phillipâs (Jakob Lassalle) week-long disappearance and return. Infused with the profound pain of grief and with the consciousness that such pain is both inescapable and futile, a universal tragedy that has played out innumerable times, each scene in I Was at Home, But could stand on its own. Assembled together, they comprise a story told between the lines. When Astrid theatrically collapses in front of a headstone, lying silent and immobile like a stage corpse, we donât need the camera to show us the name on the grave to let us know which tragedy sheâs currently performing.
Wang Xiaoshuaiâs So Long, My Son is a pointed critique of Chinaâs one-child policy, which was relaxed in 2013. Cutting between at least four different periods in the life of a couple, Liyun and Yaojun (Mei Yong and Wang Jingchun), whose family is shattered over and over againâfirst with a forced abortion, then with the drowning death of their biological son, and finally when their adopted son absconds from their homeâthe film is a stark condemnation of an inhuman measure undertaken for the sake of the ultimately abandoned dream of a workersâ utopia. Surprising for a film produced in a country with heavy censorship, the story is explicit in its political and ethical concerns, demonstrating how Chinaâs strict rules in the 1980s imposed unjust sacrifices on the countryâs people only so, as one shot set in todayâs Beijing suggests, shopping malls could be erected behind statues of Mao Zedong.
Mixing around the storyâs timeline, Wang opens with the death of Liyun and Yaojunâs son, and flashes forward to their adopted son, also named Xingxing, fleeing home, so that Liyunâs coerced abortion feels like a third loss, even though it actually comes first. This captures something of the temporality of regret: The abortion, which Liyun was pressured into having by Haiyan (Haiyan Li), a close friend and local communist party functionary, is the decisive tragedy of their lives. Having been denied the choice of having a second child, Yaojun and Liyunâs repressed grief and self-imposed exile away from the pain of their old relations has excluded them from sharing in the winnings wrought by Chinaâs rise.
The unhappy accidents, betrayals, and suppressed resentment that make up the story could easily lend themselves to overwrought, melodramatic treatment, but Wangâs dedication to the details of Chinese working-class life grounds the film in a reality unmarked by melodramaâs hazy-eyed stylizations. Fine leading performances by Wang and Yong capture the simmering sadness of a life whose fulfillment was precluded by an overbearing ideology. So Long, My Son runs a bit long, piling a few too many poetic parallelisms into a protracted conclusion, but itâs a precisely constructed, deeply felt, and humane drama.
The wackiest of the competitionâs films that contemplate loss is Denis CĂŽtĂ©âs Ghost Town Anthology, which sees the Quebecois director returning to his favored rural Canadian terrain with an ensemble cast. Shot on grainy 16mm, and somewhat resembling a â70s-era drive-in cheapie, the film remixes the iconography of ghost stories and post-apocalyptic thrillers to narrate its charactersâ collective confrontation with death.
A town of 215 residents somewhere in Francophone Canada is rocked by what their imperious mayor calls âour first death in a long time,â the presumed suicide-by-car-crash of the 21-year-old Simon DubĂ©. That Simonâs death is the first in a long time raises a couple of questions about the dreary and desolate village: Where are the old people and, for that matter, where are the children? CĂŽtĂ© shows us some children, but theyâre strange, impish creatures who wear clay masks and heavy ponchos, and they appear to live in the surrounding woods. When Simonâs car crashes, they play amid the wreckage; later, they chase the frightful, innocent Adele (Larissa Corriveau) into an abandoned garage, backed this time by a group of adults who stand silently behind them in the snow, simply staring forward.
It turns out that the dead are returning but not exactly back to life; this isnât George Romeroâs Night of the Living Dead, and the ghostly figures who begin sprouting from the snowy landscape donât do much of anything but stand and blankly stare. The villagers, accustomed to a life closed to outsidersâCĂŽtĂ© makes his point clear when a hijab-draped official sent by the government to consult with the mayor elicits cool, suspicious stares from the denizensâare forced by the deadâs mere presence to confront what lies beyond their provincial life. âTheyâre like us, in a way,â one character muses toward the end of Ghost Town Anthology, a belated realization that the radical difference of death is also a commonality.
Berlinale runs from February 7â17.
Berlinale 2019: Out Stealing Horses, A Tale of Three Sisters, & ĂndĂ¶g
These films suggest the cinema as another place where we can simulate and reflect on life within and surrounded by natural landscapes.
On the way into Berlin from Tegel Airport, one of the first signs of the city you see is a large tract of land divided into rectangular plots, on each a shed in a variable state of repair. In fact, you can find such areas dispersed throughout the city. Visitors can easily mistake these colonies for third world-style shantytowns, but in fact theyâre the bougiest things imaginable: privately owned allotments, known as KleingĂ€rten, that arenât used as primary residences. Itâs an institution that allows urban dwellers with enough money to simulate life âon the land,â a slice of rural life plopped down within the city.
As goes Berlin, so goes Berlinale. Several films in this yearâs competition suggest the cinema as another place where we can simulate and reflect on life within and surrounded by natural landscapes. Thereâs a certain nostalgia in these filmsâ contemplation of the relationship between people and natureâin an age where our actions have precipitated an ongoing ecological cataclysm, the depiction of natural spaces almost immediately invokes the past.
A particularly wistful note is struck by Hans Petter Molandâs Out Stealing Horses, a film aboutâstop me if youâve heard this beforeâsexual awakening set during a rural Scandinavian summer. The film begins in the dark, cold New Yearâs Eve of 1999, as an aged and lonesome Trond Sander (Stellan SkarsgĂ„rd) hides out in Sweden from his troubled recent past. When the 66-year-old Norwegian meets his closest neighbor, Lars (BjĂžrn Floberg), the film flashes back to the summer of 1948, which Trond spent at his fatherâs country house in Norway. In voiceover, SkarsgĂ„rdâs weathered baritone guides us through his characterâs reminiscences concerning the tragedy that befell a neighboring family, and how his relationship with his father (Tobias Santelmann) was altered forever when they both became entangled in it.
Although the bulk of its action takes place in the postwar Norwegian woods, Out Stealing Horses regularly brings us back to 1999, contrasting the gray-and-blue perpetual night of a Swedish winter with the variegated colors of summer. Such blatant romantic symbolism doesnât initially detract from a film that seems at the outset to promise a thoughtful contemplation of mortality. But as the symbols start to multiplyâwinter for old age and impending death; summer for youth; flowers, birds, and bees for burgeoning sexuality; thunder for emotional turmoil; water for femininityâand the melodrama becomes conventional and bloated, Moland and co-screenwriter Per Pettersonâs subordination of natural objects to human meanings becomes increasingly one-dimensional.
Emin Alperâs A Tale of Three Sisters opens with a car driving into a remote, mountainous area of central Anatolia in Turkey. The car, whose hood takes up the foreground of the frame, belongs to Mr. Necati, a well-to-do city dweller on whom Sevkit (MĂŒfit Kayacan) and his three daughters rely for their livelihood. The four live in a small village nestled in the mountains, and since their motherâs death, each of the three girls has tried and failed to serve as Necatiâs familyâs maid in the city. Nurhan (Ece YĂŒksel) and Havva (Helin Kandemir) have just returned from their stint, one that ended because the irascible Nurhan was beating the Necati children, and Reyhan (Cemre Ebuzziya) was returned some years ago when she got pregnant, upon which her father swiftly married her off to Veysel (Kayhan AĂ§ikgĂ¶z).
Veysel, a reluctant and lazy shepherd by trade, is a hapless fool, the kind of guy who will accidentally piss on a grave, then worriedly pose to his village superiors the question: âIs pissing on graves a sin?â Sevkit and the other men regularly laugh at his expense, and Reyhan and her sisters have little patience for her husband-of-necessity. The villageâs mistreatment of the earnest but perpetually outmatched Veysel will have tragic consequences.
Tale of Three Sisters isnât interested in tidy narrative resolutions. Much of the film consists of evocative scenes set amid the glowing brown-red hues of the areaâs mountains and the hearth of Sivketâs family homeâone of the most memorable of which is a comic, sexually suggestive sequence involving a huge jug of ayran, a foamy yogurt-based drink popular in Turkey. The film works its way toward a kind of moral resolution, though at times the journey there is a bit of a slog. Sevkit is a domineering father, his words taking over both his home and the film, which occasionally feels as tedious as his daughters find it.
ĂndĂ¶g, by Chinese director Wang Quanâan, is a film that takes an elemental approach to the human condition. A good portion of its running time is made up of long exterior shots of the Mongolian plains held for minutes at a time, the frame cleanly divided between the elements of earth and sky. The action, such that it is, often takes place at dusk, which flattens the silhouettes of the diminutive human figures against the blue-orange twilight sky; at times they look like shadow puppets inching their way across an ersatz, cardboard stage. The filmâs aesthetics are grandiose in the same measure that they are playful.
Naturally, ĂndĂ¶g is concerned with life and death, and in a manner that evokes cyclical time. It opens with a pair of deathsâa womanâs body is discovered in a field, and a sheep is slaughtered on cameraâand it closes with a pair of births (no spoilers here, but, then again, itâs doubtful spoilers can exist in cyclical time). Landing upon the same symbol of eternal recurrence as Terrence Malickâs Tree of Life, Wang evokes dinosaur life: One character shares with another that the ancient reptiles were first discovered in Mongolia, making Mongolians their descendants, destined in millions of years to be discovered again, by dinosaur scientists.
Though the film opens with police discovering the aforementioned womanâs body and a young officer (Norovsambuu) left alone in the field to guard it until it can be retrieved, it leaves this plot thread unresolved, subsuming itself in the anti-drama of the herdswoman (Dulamjav Enkhtaivan) whoâs asked to keep the officer company. Roaming around the plains on her distinctive camel and tending to her livestock with only the occasional help of a neighboring, motorcycle-riding herdsman (Aorigeletu), the herdswoman is a model of autonomy and self-determination. Sheâs faster and better with a gun than the police, and flat-out ignores the herdsmanâs constant suggestions that she needs to find a man.
Quanâan addresses eternal, cosmic themes through a portrait of rural characters living in a desolate setting, but even if his interest is in the primeval, he doesnât make his characters âprimitive.â They live closer to death and to birth, but they still play Elvis songs on their cellphones, call the police when theyâre in trouble, and have medical abortions. And ĂndĂ¶gâs portrait of the human condition also isnât portentous or overly self-serious; for one, this is a film that will give you a new appreciation for the inherent humor of camel sounds. Slow but never tedious, set under sky and stars but not in the least bit sentimental, ĂndĂ¶g is the festivalâs most profound story of human life on the land.
Berlinale runs from February 7â17.
Berlinale 2019: God Exists, Her Name Is Petrunya, The Ground Beneath My Feet, & System Crasher
Thereâs a good chance that a female filmmaker will walk away with the Golden Bear for the second year in a row.
Thereâs a bit of a gender-inclusion dialectic going on at this yearâs Berlinale. On one hand, the international jury is composed evenly of men and women. On the other, the head of the jury, Juliette Binoche, opened the festival by calling for an end to the public condemnation of Harvey Weinstein. And while the festival is proud that seven of 16 films in the main competition are directed by women (thatâs up from four last year), and has pledged to âwork forâ the proportion reaching 50% next year, the most prominent German film that premiered at this yearâs festival, The Golden Glove, features some of the seediest, most relentless depiction of violence against women in recent memory.
Nevertheless, thereâs a good chance that a female filmmaker will walk away with the Golden Bear for the second year in a row. Among the aforementioned seven films in competition are three of the slateâs most impressive: Teona Strugar Mitevskaâs God Exists, Her Name Is Petrunya, a claustrophobic black comedy about a listless and unemployed Macedonian woman who spends an entire night under police interrogation for participating in a men-only religious ceremony; Marie Kreutzerâs The Ground Beneath My Feet, a tightly controlled psychodrama which subtly draws the viewer into a womanâs growing sense of paranoia and suspicion of her own senses; and Nora Fingscheidtâs System Crasher, a raw, affectingâbut not oppressively darkâportrait of a young girl with severe emotional disturbance.
Interestingly enough, God Exists and The Ground Beneath My Feet open with nearly identical shots: extreme close-ups of a woman hiding under her bedsheets, hesitant to confront the outside world. Once they emerge, however, each woman reveals herself to be a starkly different person, and at the center of a starkly different production. A former history major interested in the integration of communist economies with democratic principles, God Existsâs Petrunya (Zorica Nusheva) is, itâs almost needless to say, unoccupied in impoverished, post-communist Macedonia. And The Ground Beneath My Feetâs Lola (Valerie Pachner) is a Type A, over-occupied professional who practically sweats German efficiency. Petrunya rebels, externalizing her frustration at handsy hiring managers and patriarchal traditions, while Lola internalizes the stress of her merciless schedule and strictly compartmentalized life, coming to doubt her sanity and the motives of the people around her.
Mitevskaâs camera stays close to its protagonist, the tight frame becoming another way in which Petrunya is confined by her circumstances. An annual village tradition has the local priest toss a wooden cross into the freezing-cold river, and a herd of young men dive in after it; Petrunya does an end run around them, grabs the cross for herself, and makes off with it. As the town erupts into furor over the âtheft,â neither the police nor the priest can coerce the intractable Petrunya into returning the cross. âAm I under arrest?â Pentrunya persists, and the answer is yes and no. The police canât arrest Petrunya, but God Exists shows what at first an indolent millennialâs arrested development to be the product of an arrested social position.
God Exists creates a sense of intimacy with Petrunya through its close-ups, but Ground Beneath My Feet manages to put us in its main characterâs distorted state of mind even while maintaining a tone of cool distance. Lolaâs mentally ill sister, Conny (Pia Hierzegger), has been hospitalized after a recent suicide attempt, and Lola, who strictly divides the personal and professional, keeps getting calls from Conny claiming that the institution is abusing her. But after Lola is informed that Conny couldnât be making those calls, her entire reality seems up for question. The film doesnât use visual abstractions to illustrate Lolaâs burgeoning breakdown, instead relying on manipulations quietly executed by Kreutzerâs screenplay and precise mise-en-scĂšne to make us, like Lola, question everything we see on screen.
Like its protagonist, The Ground Beneath My Feet is lean, fit, and highly effective within the bounds it sets for itself. For this reason among othersâincluding its Austro-German specificityâits chances at the Golden Bear seem rather distant. With a more unique tone and a more universal feminist theme, God Exists likely has a better shot. But the best of this bunchâand perhaps of the competition slate thus farâis Fingscheidtâs System Crasher, which might be referred to as a social-problem film, though it abstains not only from didacticism or easy solutions, but also from fetishizing victimhood or sentimentalizing childhood.
Beautiful but anything but tender, System Crasher is awash in pink: its titles are in spray-painted, neon-pink scrawl; its nine-year-old protagonist, Benni (Helena Zengel, who, if the film were English-language, would already be a sensation for her performance), is always garbed in the color; and the screen becomes a swatch of bright pink whenever the emotionally disturbed child breaks out into one of her characteristic rages. Saturating the film in pink isnât just an appropriation of the archetypically girlish color to signify female rage and rebellion; itâs also just another way that Fingscheidtâs film is loud. Benniâs genuinely frightening fits of uncontrolled fury, which often turn violent or end with her running away from those who want to protect her, are accompanied by raucous, percussive music that helps immerse the viewer in Benniâs subjective, chaotic swirl of perceptions.
What these three films have in common is their exploration of a female psyche impacted in some way by oppressive conditions. In System Crasher and God Exists, thatâs specific forms of violent patriarchal power, and in The Ground Beneath My Feet, itâs the âalways onâ information-age capitalism that dominates schedules, minds, and bodies. The films share a sense of concreteness, a foundation in the everyday stressors in the place each is set. Itâs not quite a âFrauen-Berlinaleâ here in Berlin, as documentarian Barbara Rohm described the festival to the German newspaper Der Tagesspiegel, but itâs easy to see why these three powerful films might make one think otherwise.
Berlinale runs from February 7â17.
Finding Paradise at the Los Cabos Film Festival
The festival doesn’t try to keep glamour at a pronounced distance from anything that might be considered unsightly.
âWelcome to paradise,â said the bartender at an oceanside lounge, halfway into my trip to the Los Cabos International Film Festival. Not exactly a case of delayed gratification, though it did bolster my overall sense that the pleasures of this Mexican resort town on the Baja Peninsula were best discovered at oneâs own pace. Certainly you could stick to the timetable plotted by the festivalâs kind and helpful staff, as press conferences, parties, and meals are scheduled to the minute. Screenings of the 41 programmed titles are planned around that, most of them taking place at the Cinemex Puerto ParaĂso, a mall multiplex thatâs a bus ride away from the Holiday Inn Express, the strip-mall-based hotel where all journalists were housed.
Some attendees grumbled about the digs, which in previous years were swankier and closer to both the action and the shoreline. But the room, which like the food and the roundtrip flight were paid for out of the festivalâs pocket, was more than comfortable and did indeed boast, as the lady who checked me in was quick to note, âan ocean view.â It was a sun-dappled vista, for sure, one that also included a trailer park encampment with broken-down RVs, a prominent âno trespassingâ sign, and several hens that were often set upon by hot-to-trot roosters. Many film festivals (Cannes and Marrakech come immediately to mind) put on an Elysian mask, trying to keep glamour at a pronounced distance from anything that might be considered unsightly. But Cabo, the event and the locale, allows all the extremes to mesh and mingle.
A giant TV in the hotel commissary was always tuned to the news, so that, in between bites of scrambled eggs and mole poblano, we got the Mexican perspective on the migrant caravan that continues to be demonized by our odious commander-in-chief. The outdoor path to the Puerto ParaĂso mall wound through a dirt and debris-strewn construction siteâa sharp contrast to the gentrified gaggle of stores, restaurants, and future condos inside. (The prospect of anyone willingly living where they shop called to mind Dawn of the Dead, sans literal zombies.) Even the Cinemex itself was a house divided, with screenings occurring in both the âConvencionalesâ and the âPlatino,â two series of theaters with their own box offices and ambience. âConvencionalesâ had your usual red felt seats and plastic armrests with cup holders, the âPlatinoâ black leather recliners and gourmet menus in armâs reach.
When not at the hotel, on the beach, or sampling the delicious local cuisine at Tacos Gardenias (guess their specialty) and Edithâs (where you should definitely order both the tortilla soup and the made-at-table âflaming coffeeâ), the majority of my time was spent in the Cinemex. Elsewhere, celebrities were being feted (Spike Lee, Adam Driver, and Terry Gilliam were each the subject of tributes) and films like Yorgos Lanthimosâs rancidly homophobic satire The Favourite and Leeâs incendiary (to many at least) BlacKkKlansman were receiving âGalaâ premieres. Rather than stargaze, I stayed in the dark, looking at screens. That was my idea of paradise.
Gilliamâs long-delayed The Man Who Killed Don Quixote, which the former Monty Pythoner turned iconoclast filmmaker has been trying to get off the ground for three decades, finally arrives with a thud. Messiness becomes Gilliam, as does tilting at various windmills, which should suit him to the tale of Don Quixote de la Mancha, the mad knight-errant who seeks out chivalric adventures in the company of peasant squire Sancho Panza. This isnât a straight adaptation of Miguel de Cervantesâs novel, however, but a meta riff on the story in which a sellout director, Toby (Adam Driver), on assignment near the Spanish village where he once shot a student film adaptation of the book, comes across his former lead actor, a cobbler named Javier (Jonathan Pryce), whoâs now convinced heâs actually Don Quixote.
Toby becomes Javierâs Sancho Panza, and they embark on a series of exploits that tread past and present. Really, though, everything takes place in Gilliam-land. His best films, like Brazil, Twelve Monkeys, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, and The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus, adeptly blend bite-the-hand-that-feeds burlesque with a profound sense of regret. Here, Gilliamâs disdain for corporate mastersâembodied by Stellan SkarsgĂ„rd and Jordi MollĂ , the latter at one point likened to Donald Trumpâand his clownish yet mournful belief that humanity is doomed to repeat its sins ad infinitum feels exhausted and enfeebled, especially at a fatiguing 132 minutes.
Julian Schnabelâs At Eternityâs Gate is a steroidal male weepie tracing the final months of Vincent van Goghâs (Willem Dafoe) life, the period in which he completed 75 paintings in 80 days and cut off a chunk of his ear as an offering to fellow artist Paul Gauguin (Oscar Isaac). Dafoe plays van Gogh as outwardly sensitive, a walking open sore, though at heart heâs a misunderstood, often punch-drunk genius who fully recognizes that his prodigious talent will go unappreciated in his lifetime. Until then, heâll wander the windswept fields of Arles in the French countryside like a fanatic gym rat working his hamstrings, forever in search of an ineffable something-or-other to memorialize on canvas. The nausea-inducing handheld camera can only hope to keep up.
Van Goghâs affectionate, peculiar relationship with his brother, Theo (Rupert Friend), was better explored in Robert Altmanâs Vincent & Theo. And even the best scene, a lengthy dialogue between Van Gogh and a priest (Mads Mikkelsen) perplexed by the artistâs work, concludes by giving Van Gogh the smug upper hand. Itâs as if Schnabel is exacting a kind of cinematic vengeance, retaliating in a most unseemly manner against dilettantes and detractors, and not just those of Van Gogh.
I so disliked LĂĄszlĂł Nemesâs Holocaust-set house of horrors Son of Saul that I went with much trepidation into his follow-up, Sunset. Itâs a bit more bearable, though not much different beyond the casting of a woman in the lead role and for the fact that it takes the fall of belle Ă©poque Budapest, rather than the savagery of the Nazi war machine, as its subject. The camera once again sticks close to the protagonistâJuli Jakab as Ărisz Leiter, the daughter of a disgraced hatmaker trying to reclaim her family nameâso that weâre always in her fleetly mobile perspective, which means the meticulously detailed period sets and costumes are often out of focus.
Nemesâs denial of visual pleasure is a purgative, though not in the conscience- and consciousness-expanding ways he intends. Like Son of Saul, Sunset has the feel of a first-person-shooter video game, with the main character bearing witness instead of blowing shit up. The end result is World War I, a punchline delivered after two-and-half frenetic hours with a campy solemnity akin to that moment in Pearl Harbor when Kate Beckinsale waves her hand over the flaming carnage and says ââŠthen all this happened.â
Writer-director David Robert Mitchellâs occult-underbelly-of-Los-Angeles comedy Under the Silver Lake grooves to its own ecstatically odd beat. Itâs like a more confidently made Southland Tales minus that filmâs underlying eagerness to please. (And I say that as a fan of the Richard Kelly film.) Mitchell could care less if anyone likes his piggish hero, Sam (Andrew Garfield), who spends the majority of his time wandering through City of Angels neighborhoods in a haze that could be called pot-addled if you ever saw him toking. Heâs a millennial son-of-Lebowski whose âhighâ-mindedness is innate. Heâs also a lech who loves leering at tits and ass, most recently those of Sarah (Riley Keough), a comely neighbor who mysteriously vanishes one night, just after their first âdateâ concludes in coitus interruptus.
Samâs concern for Sarah is primarily guided by lust, though most of this raging assholeâs journey is a fuck of the mind instead of the body. Among the disparate narrative threads: dogs are being murdered by some shadowy figure. A manic comic book artist (Patrick Fischler, riffing on his paranoiac from David Lynchâs Mulholland Drive) holds the key to a bizarre elite conspiracy. And Samâs beloved Kurt Cobain, as revealed in a wackadoo interlude with a grotesque recluse known only as âSongwriterâ (Jeremy Bobb), never wrote a whit of his generation-defining Nirvana output. (Revolution is a lie, kids!) I myself got fully on board with Mitchellâs madness when the inaugural issue of Nintendo Power, and the Legend of Zelda map therein, became a major plot point. No question the film is indulgent, and most certainly a mess. (Critical of misogyny or just misogynist? Depends on the scene.) But this shameless id-excretion has a vitality to it thatâs not easily forgotten.
I saw four Mexican features in Cabo, two of which were duds, the other two quite captivating and distinctive. Marcelino Islas HernĂĄndezâs History Lessons is one of those dime-a-dozen âunlikely friendshipâ dramas that pair dissimilar personalities to the most obvious ends. (They hate each other! Then they love each other! Was there ever any doubt?) Argentine actress VerĂłnica Langer is quite good as a frumpy, cancer-stricken teacher whose at first antagonistic and eventually sympathetic relationship with a rebellious student, Eva (Ranata Vaca), helps her expand her stagnating horizons. The film, however, is ill-equipped to deal with some of the knottier aspects of the duoâs May-December friendship, which takes a turn toward the transcendently romantic but instead comes down hard on the side of cringe and creepiness.
AndrĂ©s Kaiserâs found-footage horror movie Feral, meanwhile, is notable only for the fact that a good portion of it is shot on Betamax. Itâs constructed as a retrospective documentary with an unseen crew combing through tapes left behind by a priest (Hector Illanes) raising three feral children in a remote forest cabin. The children eventually died in a fire and the whole movie is an inquiry into the how and the why. A slight aura of creepiness, which mainly comes from the grunginess of the outdated shooting format, is quickly supplanted by tedium, though the festivalâs jurors awarded the film three prizes (including one from the International Film Critics group FIPRESCI), so take this in a generous spirit of demurral.
Julio HernĂĄndez CordĂłnâs Buy Me a Gun is a brisk, involving fable that takes place in a future in which cartels run the world and women are abducted to serve at their pleasure. A young girl named Huck (Matilde HernĂĄndez Guinea), who her father (Rogelio Sosa) dresses as a boy to keep her hidden in plain sight, tries to have a kidâs life despite the dystopian conditions. But the gun-wielding, testosterone-fueled cartel members inevitably screw that up, sending the family on a bleak path to separation and worse.
CordĂłn doesnât go for any kind of futurist trappings. From the rusted trailer in which the father and daughter live to the sweaty state of fear in which they often find themselves, the film feels like it could be happening now, which is certainly part of the point. CordĂłn also earns his allusions to Mark Twainâin addition to Huck, thereâs a supporting character named Finnâwith a pointed finale that recasts the river-raft journey from Adventures of Huckleberry Finn as a referendum on an older generation by a younger one. Before they can save the world, the kids have to save themselves.
Finally, Andrea Bussmannâs bewitching Faust, a Canadian-Mexican coproduction, uses the Oaxaca coast as backdrop for a doc-fiction hybrid retelling of the famed deal-with-the-devil legend. But whoâs the Prince of Darkness in this scenario? Is he the disembodied male narrator musing on the scenery, the people, and colonialist ideology? Is he any of the on-screen subjectsâexpats, tourists, long-time residentsâwho tell evocative personal stories that have the dual feeling of offerings and traps?
Even Faustâs dreamlike photography, digitally captured and transferred to 16mm film, has something rogue about it. Though faces or nature are often obscured by shadow and grain, the visuals still beckon and tempt, be it toward damnation or enlightenment. The mood is the thing that collectively lingers. The meaning will vary depending on the viewer. All I know is that I was as much in thrall to the recurring image of a moonlit beach as I was to the actual sunlit one not 10 minutes from my theater seat.
The Los Cabos International Film Festival ran from Nov 7â11.
The Regional Is Universal at the New Orleans Film Festival
It was clear that current issues and events had a significant impact on the programming decisions.
At this yearâs New Orleans Film Festival, it was apparent that current issues and events had a significant impact on the festivalâs programming decisions, which gave the roughly 230-film lineup a sense of mission and focus. Around the corner from the festivalâs main exhibition venue at the Contemporary Arts Center thereâs a tall white column, streaked with oxidized copper, in the middle of a traffic circle. Until recently, it supported a statue of Robert E. Lee. Now, in the wake of public battles across the country to dismantle such shrines to the Confederacy, it stands as a symbol of historical reckoning. In the first iteration of NOFF to be programmed since last yearâs deadly rally in Charlottesville, an urgent need to address such issues shone through.
Several shorts tackled Americaâs legacy of racism. Graven Image, Sierra Pettengillâs superb archival documentary about Stone Mountain, the largest Confederate monument in the United States, and one whose protection is enshrined in Georgia state law, tracked the popular tourist destinationâs on-and-off development over the last century. Although begun in 1917, Stone Mountainâs Confederate memorial wasnât completed until 1972. The filmâs juxtaposition of major moments in the civil rights movement with renewed attempts to complete the monument helps to reflect the reactionary impulses that underlie peopleâs undiminished loyalty to the Confederacy.
In a more personal take on the civil rights era, Maris Curranâs While I Yet Live focuses on the African-American quilters of Geeâs Bend, Alabama whose works, known for their intricate, abstract patterns and color blocks, have been exhibited in high-art institutions across the country. The Freedom Quilting Bee cooperative sprang up in Geeâs Bend in the late 1960s, and over a continual stream of talkâabout civil rights, family, home, love, anything that matters to the quiltersâthe process by which the women make their quilts comes vibrantly to life, lending their art a deserved historical gravity.
Many of these stories of injustice are also stories of resistance. While people across New Orleans packed into bars to worship at the altar of the LSU Tigers, I watched Darius Clark Monroeâs Black 14, which tells the little-known story of the suspension of 14 black students from the University of Wyoming football team for their protest against rival Brigham Young Universityâs racist policies. The contemporary parallels are clear, but this illuminating filmâs shifts between media interviews with white and black students points to the historical connections between athletic protest and the fight for civil rights.
The festivalâs documentary lineup highlighted the breadth of Southernersâ experiences in ways that fall outside common narratives. The documentary shorts jury prize winner, Christine Delp and Pilar Timpaneâs Santuario, focuses on Juana Luz Tobar Ortega, whoâs been in indefinite sanctuary from ICE in a North Carolina church since last year. While it includes interviews with the church members who offered Jauna sanctuary, the filmâs center of gravity is the womanâs limbo. As she paces her narrow world, watching TV and meeting with her family and church members, her nervous waiting and uncertainty as to whether she will deported or not begins to take on a material weight.
A different sort of Southern immigrant story, and one of my favorite discoveries of the festival, Gimme a Faith was spurred by an observation that director Hao Zhang made after arriving in North Carolina to pursue an engineering degree: Dozens of Chinese immigrantsâraised under a communist regimeâwere embracing evangelical Christianity. Tempted to do so himself, the filmmaker wanted to understand why, and sympathetically investigates the complex motivations behind his friendsâ conversion.
Capturing the American peculiarities of malls, frozen food, and even a public shooting through the eyes of a newcomer, Gimme a Faith is a sensitively told take on the contemporary immigrant experience. Over the course of the film, Hao complements his images with his own feelings of isolation as a recent immigrant to this county. Evenhanded with those who choose to hew close to the church, Hao encounters the profound, comforting power that community can hold, even when forged around a foreign and dogmatic religion.
Several films at the festival stood out because of the sheer peculiarity of their subject or design. NOFF seems to encourage these oddities, which, despite some wobbly moments, struck me as promising experiments from burgeoning filmmakers. And no attempt to represent America today would feel complete without an acknowledgment of the increasingly baroque ways in which social and political concerns get framed in the popular (and fringe) consciousness. The festivalâs decision to program Chained for Life and Empty Metalâtwo inventive, though non-Southern, films that stretch contemporary discourse to its limits and which, despite their âdifficulty,â proved to be more popular than I expectedâmade this point abundantly clear.
It would be wrong to say that writer-director Aaron Schimbergâs Chained for Life is only a film about ableism and representationâits meta, funhouse structure reflects on performance and cinephilia as wellâbut it deftly handles the topics, making clear that fantasy and desire are inseparable components of cinematic representation right in its opening moments. In a long take, a beautiful woman walks through the halls of hospital, surrounded by individuals with disabilities and a variety of other physical conditions. Then, a director yells âcut.â Turns out weâre on the set of a B-movie romance about a âbeauty,â Mabel (Jess Weixler), and a âbeast,â Rosenthal (Adam Pearson of Under the Skin fame). And as soon as the filmâs crew and its stars begin to interact, Chained for Life digs in on its meta-cinematic playfulness.
Throughout the film, the dialogue proliferates to a stifling degree, as well-meaning but clueless hipsters offer up constant one-off approbations of diversity, comments about Orson Welles, and pseudo-profound aphorisms about, well, everything. This churning word soup is overwhelming, borderline meaningless, and often stereotypes the cast members with disabilities of the film within a film. But when those cast members take over the crewâs camera and begin to shoot scenes of their own design, Chained for Life shifts focus to their stagedâbut more direct and sincererâconversations about their desires and fantasies. Throughout these shifts of perspective and focus, the film remains basically jocular, all the more so because itâs so keen to what we think we talk about when we talk about representation.
I was talking to a juror and her mother at a party one night when our conversation turned toward politics. The mother expressed a modicum of confidence in the future of the world, but her daughter and I were decidedly more pessimistic. Empty Metal was an excellent riposte to our reaction, taking that same pessimism and probing for a way out it. Adam Khalil and Bayley Sweitzerâs gonzo approach should be evident from even a brief summary of their film: Under constant drone surveillance, a secret organization comprising a Rastafarian, Native American resistance fighters, and an Eastern European Buddhist monk telepathically tap three nihilistic band members to assassinate some of the most repugnant men in the U.S. and set off a revolution. The film is chaotic, dense with references to revolutionariesâ writings, and one of the more original political films of the last year.
Largely cast by nonprofessionals from the directorsâ personal circle, Empty Metal is engaged filmmaking in the tradition of Born in Flames. Toying with a chopped and screwed version of our present decadeâs aesthetic tropes, the film seriously, but not without humor, queries the limits and meaning of violence, the possibility for meaningful political action under hyper-surveillance, and the end of the world as we know it. Its politics are brazen, and might be objectionable on that front, but in a time where every film can claim to be necessary, urgent, or important, it does so with a lead grin.
Anxiety about the future of New Orleans sat in the back of the mind of every local I spoke with. Like New York and San Francisco before it, New Orleans is in the middle of a development boom that âs pushing out longtime residents and threatening to chew away historic neighborhoods. A film festival could likely play little role in reversing such damaging cultural losses, but NOFF entertained the possibility of a more optimistic future for the Big Easy.
Nowhere did this come into relief more than in the festivalâs packed premiere of a restoration of Horace B. Jenkinsâs 1982 romance Cane River, a melodrama with an affection for all aspects of Louisiana culture. The film, considered lost until a negative was recovered in 2013, concerns a dalliance between Peter Metoyer (Richard Romain), a light-skinned descendant of haughty, wealthy Creoles, and Marie Mathis (Tommye Myrick), a young woman from a poor black family living in a neighboring town. With lengthy musical interludes and a Romeo-and-Juliet narrative that shifts from country to city, the film uses colorism and class differences within black communities as the central conflict to give its well-tread and inevitably soppy source material new life.
Beyond its romantic aims, Cane River feels hopeful that upward mobility, enjoyed by the Metoyers only because of their exceptional history, could one day be shared by all black Americans. This attitude goes deep into the filmâs production. Financed by a wealthy black family in New Orleans and shot in the Natchitoches parish, the site of a historically significant âfree community of color,â Cane River wears these hopes proudly. Had Jenkins, a successful TV director, been able to distribute his film, thereâs no telling what its impact on the regionâs film culture could have been. Sadly, he died shortly after its New Orleans premiere and Cane River was warehoused, leaving the world with only a hint of what his popular-minded and fecund imagination was capable of.
Barry Jenkinsâs radiant If Beale Street Could Talk proved an exciting complement to Cane Riverâs vision. Its place at the festival shows how programming decisions can enliven distinct films in unexpected ways. Though the film takes place about a decade earlier than Cane River and in Harlem, theyâre both melodramas with grand ambitions. The film centers on Tish (KiKi Layne), a young, soon-to-be mother and her fight to get her boyfriend, Fonny (Stephan James), out of jail, where he landed after a false rape accusation.
If Beale Street Could Talk is achingly idealistic in its depiction of young romance and semi-realistic in its depictions of loveâs frustrations at the hands of discrimination and systemic racism. From an opening title card that reminds us that âBeale Streetâ is in every black neighborhood, the young coupleâs romance is tinged with a generality that lets them stand in for similar couples around the country. Their dream is to no longer have to fight for their love, and just like Peter and Marieâs romance in Cane River, and like millions of others, requires an America that doesnât yet exist to achieve. With determination, that may yet materialize.
The New Orleans Film Festival ran from October 17â25.
Unearthing Truth at Doclisboa 2018
Doclisboa offers a vertiginously eclectic and vast lineup, with a mishmash of old and new films from a multitude of countries.
The wall is festooned with graffiti, great curlicues of colorful paint, ornate designs, words and phrases in English, Portuguese, and French. Scrawled affably in green: âWelcome.â In white: âLuck.â Thereâs a face, bulbous, its mouth a large O, apparently in an act of orotund laughter. Elsewhere, rococo caricatures adorn the sides of buildings, as well as grotesque animalsârabbits, dogs, ambiguous winged creatures, and a cadre of galloping horsesâin phantasmagoric eruptions of color. Everywhere, spray-painted scribbles and extravagant portraitsâevery concrete surface a potential canvas.
Street art is prevalent in Lisbon, as part of the cityâs culture as the cobblestone streets and tile-covered facades. It erupted, like a spray can under pressure, after the Carnation Revolution of 1974, when the art of Portugal became more perfervidly political. But street art is ephemeral, effaced by the rain and wind; sections are missing or faded. The art that bespangles the metal shutters outside of stores, the walls of coffeeshops, and the sides of movie theaters isâfrom the moment of its inceptionâtemporary but also public: Artists can, and will, alter the works of other artists, adding their own flair, turning simple, silly paintings into political statements.
Amid the graffiti, mottled on the wall, is a blue-and-red poster proclaiming, in large slanted print, âDoclisboa 2018,â which, torn and tattered, resembles a piece of street art. But itâs an advertisement for one of Europeâs most renowned documentary film festivals. The posters are ubiquitous around the city, plastered on walls, poles, and the sides of newspaper stands. Their proliferation in the weeks leading up to the festival suggest that the city is proud to be the host. Doclisboa offers a vertiginously eclectic and vast lineup, with a mishmash of old and new films from a multitude of countries.
There are films about charcoal, the history of the yo-yo (invented, I was surprised to learn, in the Philippines), the origins of our planet, the first transsexual on Argentinaâs Isla ApipĂ©, cows in the Swiss Alps, a shift at the 112 medical emergency center hotline at INEMâs Lisbon headquarters, the life of a fisherman, William Friedkin (also playing: Friedkinâs first film, The People vs. Paul Crump), Fresnel lenses, old and emerging musicians, demagogic politicians, the history of cinema and history itself, et cetera. Itâs an almost comically diverse lineup, and I must admit that I felt a twinge of bitterness that I only had four days to take in as much of it as I could.
The festivalâs press office is located in Culturgest, a culture center housed in a massive building with a shimmering glass facade and entrances on four different streets. Itâs been, for over 25 years, a fundamental part of Lisbonâs culture, and itâs almost too much for a tourist to take in: 11 meeting rooms and two auditoria (one with 616 seats, the other with 147). And that jarringly large foyer on the second floor, with its red carpet and thick pillars and sundry of cushioned seats, may make you feel as if youâre in a Stanley Kubrick film. This bastion for the arts is glorious and intimidating.
Later, after a screening of an experimental Canadian documentary, I got turned around and had to walk around the circumference of the entire building, which took me approximately 15 minutes. I left the screening at the same time as AgnĂšs Godard, one of the festivalâs jurors, and she, while smoking a cigarette, walked at probably double my pace, moving quickly in the sultry humidity up one of Lisbonâs many daunting hills while I trundled behind her. By the time I had made it a block, she had disappeared beyond the apogee of the hill. (Later, when I told her that my favorite film is Trouble Every Day, she replied, âOh, thatâs a weird one,â which is certainly true.)
The best new film I saw at the festival is Monrovia, Indiana, an open-eyed look at a small Midwestern town, made with Frederick Wisemanâs usual patience and attentiveness. Wiseman, the most empathetic of American documentarians, casts his unblinking, unprejudiced gaze at a piece of rural America, where animals are mass-processed for food, college basketball dominates classroom conversations, Freemasons still exist, and tractor auctions are a thing. Wiseman shoots Monrovia with an arcane curiosity, so that the hulking green tractors, sucking up the landâs undulating stalks of wheat, have the allure of exotic beasts. After the 2006 presidential election in the United States, thereâs been much discussion on the people of the Bible Belt and the Midwestâtheir beliefs, problems, and ways of life. Without defending or vilifying the population of Monrovia, Wiseman gives everyone the time and spaceâand freedomâto just be themselves.
On the more esoteric side of the Doclisboa program, Mike Hoolboom, of this yearâs two invited filmmakers (along with the inimitable James Benning), presented his new feature, Aftermath, as well as a new 50-minute cut of his infamous House of Pain, which was shot in the early â90s, on a Bolex 16mm, and with old, ill-kept black-and-white stock, which gives the film a high-contrast lookâall glowing whites and deep inky blacks. House of Pain, the more difficult of the two worksâand, consequently, the one that has lingered in my mindâis garish, gaudy, and unapologetically indecorous, a transgressive look at the political body, made following a period of tumult in Hoolboomâs life, beginning when he was diagnosed with HIV six years earlier.
While rife with scatological and urinary sexual acts (a man smears shit all over his hairy chest; another drinks piss through a funnel), a cornucopia of large hairy cocks, more than one close-up of a woman peeing, and torrents of bodily fluids cascading over and into the bodies of willing participants as a soundtrack of grating noises churns, House of Pain never aims to simply shock. The squalid but oddly beautiful imagery is at once enthralling and execrable (one of the filmâs four acts is called, aptly, âShit Eaterâ), and offers an edifying look at outrĂ© desires. Itâs not for everyone, but Hoolboomâs sincere dedication to his craft will be obvious to most.
The festival often pairs two shorts together, and this forced relationship illuminates the featured works in often intriguing ways. For example, Adam R. Levine and Peter Bo Rappmundâs mesmeric Communion Los Angeles, a melange of time-lapsed images and enmeshment of sounds depicting the car-bound life of a Los Angeles denizen, was paired playfully with John Carpenterâs short The Gas Station, which isnât a documentary, and premiered originally as part of the 1993 made-for-TV anthology film Body Bags (which included two shorts by Carpenter and one by Tobe Hooper).
Carpenterâs film, about a young woman who, while working at a gas station late at night, encounters a roulette of creepy men and one machete-wielding maniac, is possibly his most purely fun project. Wes Craven, Sam Raimi, David Naughton, and Robert Carradine all make appearances. (In the full-length feature, Carpenter also plays the host, a macabre man, all gaunt and ghoulish, with stringy hair and pallid skin, who cracks wise and sips formaldehyde, and recalls the Crypt Keeper, who was, at that time, still hosing Tales from the Crypt on HBO.) Itâs an intriguing prelude to Communion Los Angeles, which, with its stuttering images and static-laden soundtrack of voices and noises culled from radio, from television, from diurnal happenings, depicts modern L.A. as a place thatâs at once static and always erratically moving. The highways and buildings remain still, like the burning orange eye of a pigeon, the divider between lanes, and the bridges overhead, and all while shadows waver, cars jump forward, and corrugated rivulets of water glint and gleam. Itâs easy to get sucked into the filmâs undulating images of the slipstream of life.
For me, the highlight of the festival was a comprehensive retrospective on filmmaker Luis Ospina, whoâs spent his 40-year career excavating Colombiaâs ugliest truths. Though heâs all but unknown in America, heâs an integral figure in the Colombian film world, and seeing his films on a big screen was a treat. A founding member of the Grupo de Cali, an interdisciplinary group of artists who strive to explore the unacknowledged hypocrisies and atrocities of Colombia, Ospina helped to engender his countryâs film scene in the â70s. Ospina, who survived a seemingly insurmountable cancer diagnosis two years ago, said this retrospective has an ontological quality to it, as if he were watching his life pass before his eyes. He has made films about artists, political movements, his own friends, as well as himself, and each one is imbued with an earnestness that aches oneâs bones.
Ospinaâs 1977 short The Vampires of Poverty follows a skeleton crew of filmmakers as they prowl the streets of BogotĂĄ and Cali, looking for beggars and street urchins, shoving cameras in their faces and giving them directions (âshake the cup,â âmove to the leftâ) in order to enliven the footage. The mendacity of the documentarians, their lack of empathy, questions the nature of political filmmaking. Ospina has spent much of his career exploring the annals and possibilities and limitations of political filmmaking. Heâs dedicated most of his attention to his hometown of Cali, in films such as Listen, Look!, Act of Faith (Redux), Artisans Block by Block, and Goodbye to Cali, and has worked with collage and found footage (The Bombing of Washington), addressed problems with the Colombian health care system (You Have to be Patient), and made a âgothic operaâ about one of RaĂșl Ruizâs workshops, where students are turned into zombies. His film From Illusion to Bewilderment chronicles the history of Colombian cinema, and is an invaluable resource for anyone interested in Latin American film.
Though known for his documentaries, Ospina has also made two seminal feature-length fiction films: Pure Blood, considered the first Colombian âvampireâ film, though Ospinaâs definition of âvampireâ is quite liberal, and Breath of Life, the first Colombian noir. In the slow, sardonic Pure Blood, three killers, at the behest of their bespectacled, blackmailing employer, abduct, rape, murder, and exsanguinate young boys, 28 in total, so that they can give the blackmailerâs geriatric, dying father blood transfusions. The old manâclad in his spotless hospital gown, enfolded by white curtains and walls, with his long white beard and scraggly hairâlooks antipodal to a typical vampire, and the ubiquity of white on his person and in his room reflects his innocenceâand ignorance of the purloined blood that keeps him alive.
Based partly on the real-life story of a child killer who was never caught nor even identified, and the urban legend about a vampiric Howard Hughes-type eccentric recluse that the murders spawned, Pure Blood is a brooding examination of the oligarchy of Colombian society, as well as cultural paranoia and our willingness to place blame on the easiest target, or make up tall tales to assuage anxieties about the unknown. In its realistic, tragic, non-supernatural depiction of vampirism, it recalls George Romeroâs Martin, a shoestring masterpiece of loneliness, despair, and libidinous longing. Despite being a somewhat visually flat filmâOspina is a practical filmmaker rather than a stylish oneâand, ironically, bloodless, reserving the violence for off screen, Pure Blood conjures up its share of chilling images of humanity at its most pitiless and selfish. One can see this cryptic, often cruel film garnering a massive following in the West should it ever get, say, a Criterion Collection release. (Pure Blood is on Ospinaâs Vimeo in its entirety, though it is password protected; he said he hopes to have it available for free soon.)
Breath of Life, Ospinaâs second and final fiction feature, is a delirious paean to American, French, and Mexican film noir, with its entanglement of lascivious, ignoble characters and violence. Itâs also much sillier than the achingly serious Pure Blood. In the film, a former police officer with a shady past is asked to investigate the background of a promiscuous woman whoâs been murdered, possibly by a former boxer, or maybe a matador, who, gored by a 1,000-pound bull, retired in shame. Or maybe sheâs part of a political conspiracy. Itâs a venal and ludicrous film, and the performances have a parodic rigidity to them, though the sultry, sinister score is utterly sincere. Corrupt politicians and police abound, but itâs one of Ospinaâs least politically incisive films, a love letter from a filmmaker to a globe-spanning genre.
After Breath of Life, Ospina âsaid goodbye to fiction,â he told the audience before the screening of the film, but this isnât entirely true. Since then, heâs often melded fiction and nonfiction by turning his camera on filmmakers and himself, using cinematic techniques to tell stories the way the New Journalists in America used literary techniques; he plumes the depths of lies lurking in facts. He considers Pure Blood to be a mix of documentary and fiction, which is also how he views his documentaries proper. His formal and thematic exploration of fact and fantasy, of the seedy side of politics, brings to mind Lisbonâs greatest living filmmaker, Pedro Costa.
Iâd be remiss if I traveled all the way to Lisbon, walked around the city, and didnât say a few words about Costa and his films about the ignominious side of his home. Lisbon is a gorgeous city, one of the oldest in the world, but not all of it is so lovely. Consider the poor and squalid Fontainhas neighborhood, which once sat on the fringes of Lisbon, but has, in the last decade, been wiped off the face of the Earthâin its place erected gleaming buildings made of glass. It existed in severe contrast to the rest of the culturally rich, beauteous, baroque city, and one canât help but feel some sense of regret at its demise. The vicinage was kept like a shameful secret, a shantytown rife with immigrants and proletarians trying to scrape by, and is mostly known to outsiders because of Costaâs films, which chronicle, with a commingling of voyeuristic objectivity and oneiric fictualization, the plight of the poor.
With In Vandaâs Room and Colossal Youth, Costa captures undesirable lives on splotchy digital video, immersing his audience (and himself) in the banalities and quotidian endeavors that the filmmaker imbues with the unease of bad dreams. These films offer a painful look at poverty, rendered beautiful by the gaze of carefully placed stationary cameras long static takes, chiaroscuro lighting and the prominence of inky-black shadows that are like ineffaceable stains on the city of Lisbon. In Colossal Youth and Horse Money, a lanky, indolent man, Ventura, traipses through the Hadean ruins of Fontainhas. In Costaâs adroit eye, Lisbonâs forlorn neighborhood is a liminal, ethereal space, rife with derelict buildings and decay like plaque on unclean teeth. He compiles a heap of broken images, a heap of broken lives.
Compare The Vampires of Poverty, its meta, guerilla-style approach, its unflinching politics, to, say, Colossal Youth. Both films are âaboutâ poverty, about people taking advantage of the poor, and while they look nothing alikeâCosta has a rigor and precision that belies Ospinaâs loose, naturalistic way of filmingâthey actually compliment each other in odd ways.
A festival, at least a well-programmed one, should be enlightening. And Doclisboa is a great festival not only because it brings to Portugal an array of essential and obscure films, many of which would otherwise go unnoticed and unseen, but also because of the way it extrapolates otherwise unconsidered meanings in tangential relationships. You can see, in a two-day span, a salacious film by a largely unknown talent like Mike Hoolboom, a loquacious examination of rural America by Frederick Wiseman, a little-seen John Carpenter short about a deadly gas station, and an experimental documentary about Californiaâs Highway 110. To have all of these films collated into one program is a rare privilege, and reflects the vitality of Doclisboa.
Doclisboa ran from October 18â28.
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