Advise and Consent

Advise and Consent

3.5 out of 53.5 out of 53.5 out of 53.5 out of 5 3.5

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An informative May 15, 2005 New York Times article by Frank Rich (hysterically titled “Just How Gay is the Right?”) unpacked Advise and Consent—not only the magnificent 1962 film directed by CinemaScope svengali Otto Preminger but also the original bestselling novel by Allen Drury (so popular among high school English students at one point in history that it placed some 10 slots higher on a list of “most influential books” than the Bible)—for its still-prescient angle on the sacrificial lambs of American politics; namely, the homosexuals. In the plotline, a subcommittee to confirm the secretly ailing U.S. President’s nomination for Secretary of State finds itself battered not only from public accusations that the nominee, Robert A. Leffingwell (Henry Fonda), is a Communist sympathizer but also the ongoing private blackmailing of the subcommittee chair Sen. Brig Anderson (Don Murray) over his long ago homosexual dalliance with a fellow soldier.

Though the near half-century in the interim between Consent‘s appearance in the aftermath of the McCarthy witch hunts (which smoked out Communists and homosexuals with nearly equal vigor) and the here and now has seen a very small handful of Barney Franks to oppose the Trent Lotts and Rich Santorums (represented in Consent by Charles Laughton’s terrifying Sen. Seab Cooley), Rich states that “unprincipled gay-baiting has mushroomed into a full-fledged political movement. It’s a virulent animosity toward gay people that really unites the leaders of the anti-‘activist’ judiciary crusade, not any intellectually coherent legal theory (they’re for judicial activism when it might benefit them in Florida). Their campaign menaces the country on a grander scale than Drury and Preminger ever could have imagined: it uses gay people as cannon fodder on the way to its greater goal of taking down a branch of government that is crucial to the constitutional checks and balances that Advise and Consent so powerfully extols.” Notably shading Rich’s argument is the fact that nearly every power play and tactic undermining the Majority party from accomplishing its goal of confirmation comes from various subfactions in their own party, dog-eat-dog fashion. As any lonely homo can tell you upon leaving a gay club empty-handed, gay people’s worst enemies are often other gay people.

So there’s that. But for those who don’t know Alger Hiss from Alan Sues, Preminger’s filmed version of the novel makes up for the various excised subplots and legal-procedural nitty-gritty with a typically unerring sense of spatial intrigue. Preminger’s visual savvy turns that most staid and insufferable of social terrariums, the floor of the U.S. Senate chambers, into a vibrant, perpetually shifting Voronoi diagram, charting the variables of influence and repulsion based on something as cinematographically and topographically malleable as the positions of the senator’s desks. The primary triangle belongs to Walter Pidgeon (as Senate Majority Leader Robert D. Munson, his party’s cool and collected foundation), Will Gear (the wan but resolutely oppositional Senate Minority Leader Warren Strickland) and the aforementioned Laughton in his final film performance. A character actor performance ne plus ultra, Laughton’s unflappable and jowly approach to senate politics (apparently based closely on the cadence of the contemporary Senator from Mississippi John Stennis), using passive-aggressive smears and the wind-up pitches of other Senators as his forum for “fire and brimstone” (his morning breakfast, as one character jokes), would be all the more entertaining if not for the nagging suspicion that his example all but wrote the blueprint for the chambers’ “Family Values” crusaders to follow, first and foremost one Jesse Helms. Unlike that old buzzard Seab Cooley, though, U.S. Senators outside of Hollywood pictures still haven’t learned the art of eating crow for the greater good.

Warner Bros.
138 min
Otto Preminger
Wendell Mayes
Henry Fonda, Charles Laughton, Don Murray, Walter Pidgeon, Peter Lawford, Gene Tierney, Franchot Tone, Lew Ayres, Burgess Meredith, Eddie Hodges, Paul Ford, George Grizzard, Inga Swenson, Betty White