For all the ink spilt extolling the innovations of Rouben Mamoulian’s Love Me Tonight—the remarkably quicksilver visuals, the classy theatrical leaps of faith, the devil-may-care optimism—the film’s most astonishing feat is the vulnerable and charming performances the director finesses from two of musical comedy’s most impenetrable vocalists: Maurice Chevalier and Jeannette MacDonald. The former, who had become a star largely on the strength of his willingness to pimp out a ludicrously guttural patois Françoise in Lubitsch’s The Love Parade (one of many pairings with MacDonald), plays the role of a sweet-natured Parisian tailor, Maurice Courtelin, with far fewer garish expostulations than usual. Courtelin’s consistently dire financial situation also puts him on an even keel with the then-contemporary Depression-era audiences; no longer was Chevalier the mysterious-if-gregarious “other,” he was a member of the proletariat just like everyone else. And MacDonald, who probably died wishing she could’ve widened her already ample tremolo a bit more, doesn’t so much change her approach to singing, but is for once blessed with a character whose unfeasible romantic ideals are met with a touch of scorn (contrast this with her portrayal of the holier-than-thou Mary in San Francisco).
Love Me Tonight opens early one morning in Paris. A few workers step out into the street and begin pounding away at the concrete. This is the foundational beat. Eventually shopkeepers emerge to sweep away dust from the sidewalk, supplying a counterpoint to the construction worker’s pulse. Housewives open their windows to shake out rugs, adding to the rising symphony of musique concrete. By the time Chevalier looks out his window to exclaim “this city is too noisy for me,” Mamoulian’s daring orchestration of “The Song of Paree” has taken the world of sound films light years beyond what was largely considered acceptable in the “talk into the plant” era of early talkies. (It has also predicted the funky fresh street rhythms of Stomp by roughly 65 years.) And it is only the first sublime moment in a film that tiptoes lighter-than-air for its entire running time.
Mamoulian, who had been a fantastically successful theater director in New York, was wooed by Hollywood to make his first film, Applause, in 1929. This Pre-Code film won rave reviews from urban critics for its audacious angles and then-unparalleled sleazy atmosphere (unfortunately, the film was only in theaters for a few weeks before the stock market crash turned audiences off downers for nearly a decade). But half of the credit for the success of Mamoulian’s cinematic debut needs to go to Helen Morgan’s ferociously unbridled, Greek-like tragic performance as the long-past-her-prime fat performer. Plot wise, Applause was little more than an early incarnation of the sinful maternal sacrifice films that would flourish during the Depression; Morgan’s full-tilt blitzkrieg of self-pity while left forgotten and alone in her apartment brings to mind Ellen Burstyn’s recent Oscar-nominated tour-de-force in Aronofsky’s Requiem for a Dream (both got to wear fright-wigs). Practically as flamboyant was Mamoulian’s camera, which prowled every which way to mirror the brassy mise-en-scene. By the time he had established himself as a flashy purveyor of urban horror (Applause, City Streets, and Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde), Mamoulian’s next move could scarcely have been less predictable.
Maurice Courtelin, who like everyone else in Paris owes everybody a little bit of money, has his best employees working overtime on a full suit of clothes for the wealthy Gilbert (a daft Charlie Ruggles), nephew of the wealthy Duke D’Artelines (C. Aubrey Smith). When Courtelin finds out that Gilbert’s allowance from the Duke has been put on permanent suspension, he sets out to the family’s manor to collect his due. Along they way, he meets the beautiful and lovesick Princess Jeanette (the two had previously connected indirectly in a showstopping montage wherein the song “Isn’t It Romantic?” travels from Maurice’s shop through cabs, trains, military regiments, and gypsy bands to the countryside manor). Amid a gaggle of rich eccentrics (Myrna Loy’s nymphomaniac; a trio of aunts who, though introduced as an oddball parody of MacBeth‘s witches, turn out to be an innocuous flock of hysteria-prone biddies), Maurice pretends to be of royal blood so as to make himself welcome at the mansion and thereby initiate the game of love.
Though set pieces in Love Me Tonight are as abundant as they were in his earlier films, their frothiness (and the acknowledgement of the diversion-based nature of the plot) allows them to snuggle into the fabric of the film in a much less stilted manor than Applause. The spirit of experimentalism didn’t escape the famed Broadway composer-lyricist team of Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart either. They supply the festivities with a full slate of witty, cheeky tunes that are as willfully facetious (“Mimi”) as they are heavily meta (on the artifice of the musical comedy, much in the same way as the more renowned Singin’ in the Rain). Clever double entendres add to the fun, as when Jeanette sings “Lover” as she drives a coach and at the end of each verse yells an otherwise randy lyric as an aside to her horse: “You and I will roll in the…Hey!” Later in the film, the two hear the titular duet in their sleep, and Mamoulian uses a split-screen effect to give the appearance that the two are lying side-by-side, post-coitus (predating a similar sequence in Vigo’s L’Atalante). Love Me Tonight still stands as a definitive musical because, aside from the filmmaking wonders Mamoulian conjured, it conveys one universal truth to the musical genre: that there’s no better motivation for breaking out into song than to express sexual satisfaction.
Perhaps the National Film Registry is worth something after all, as the transfer for this film (added to the Registry in 1990) is remarkable. The print is pristine and the transfer is alive with a rich array of black-and-white hues and is noticeably free of edge enhancement. Some DVDs for last year's blockbusters don't look as good as this. (Neither, for that matter, does Kino's sister release for Applause.) Naturally, the soundtrack hasn't aged as well. (Who among us didn't want the bass kick in "I'm An Apache" to make the room go boom boom boom?) Still, it's not unbearably screechy, which is a relief considering the film's older than God.
With releases like this, Kino is making the previously untouchable Criterion Collection a little nervous. The disc for Love Me Tonight is stuffed with historically-minded documents and a critically insightful commentary by Miles Kreuger (president of the Institute of the American Musical Inc.). Also included are two promotional clips of the films stars singing, a wealth of production notes, and expense sheets (the film was budgeted at nearly one million dollars), and the hilariously Quixotic censorship records. The legions of decency just knew there was something subversive in Love Me Tonight, but were damned if they knew where to find it.because it was all over the place!
Kino's smashing transfer anchors Mamoulian's dreamy and precociously sexual masterpiece.